Monday, December 3, 2018 - 13:55 , Location: Skiles 005 , Fei Lu , Johns Hopkins University , email@example.com , Organizer: Wenjing Liao
Self-interacting systems of particles/agents arise in many areas of science, such as particle systems in physics, flocking and swarming models in biology, and opinion dynamics in social science. An interesting question is to learn the laws of interaction between the particles/agents from data consisting of trajectories. In the case of distance-based interaction laws, we present efficient regression algorithms to estimate the interaction kernels, and we develop a nonparametric statistic learning theory addressing learnability, consistency and optimal rate of convergence of the estimators. Especially, we show that despite the high-dimensionality of the systems, optimal learning rates can still be achieved.
Series: High Dimensional Seminar
Note the special time!
In joint work with J. Martinez-Garcia we study the classification problem of asymptotically log del Pezzo surfaces in algebraic geometry. This turns out to be equivalent to understanding when certain convex bodies in high-dimensions intersect the cube non-trivially. Beyond its intrinsic interest in algebraic geometry this classification is relevant to differential geometery and existence of new canonical metricsin dimension 4.
Monday, December 3, 2018 - 12:45 , Location: Skiles 006 , Oleg Lazarev , Columbia , Organizer: John Etnyre
I will describe the h-principle philosophy and explain some recent developments on the flexible side of symplectic topology, including Murphy's h-principle for loose Legendrians and Cieliebak and Eliashberg's construction of flexible symplectic manifolds in high-dimensions.
Series: Math Physics Seminar
A limit-periodic function on R^d is one which lies in the L^\infty closure of the space of periodic functions. Schr\"odinger operators with limit-periodic potentials may have very exotic spectral properties, despite being very close to periodic operators. Our discussion will revolve around the transition between ``thick'' spectra and ``thin'' spectra.
Friday, November 30, 2018 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Surena Hozoori , Georgia Institute of Technology , firstname.lastname@example.org , Organizer: Surena Hozoori
In post-geometrization low dimensional topology, we expect to be able to relate any topological theory of 3-manifolds to the Riemannian geometry of those manifolds. On the other hand, originated from reformalization of classical mechanics, the study of contact structures has become a central topic in low dimensional topology, thanks to the works of Eliashberg, Giroux, Etnyre and Taubes, to name a few. Yet we know very little about how Riemannian geometry fits into the theory.In my oral exam, I will talk about "Ricci-Reeb realization problem" which asks which functions can be prescribed as the Ricci curvature of a "Reeb vector field" associated to a contact manifold. Finally motivated by Ricci-Reeb realization problem and using the previous study of contact dynamics by Hofer-Wysocki-Zehnder, I will prove new topological results using compatible geometry of contact manifolds. The generalization of these results in higher dimensions is the first known results achieving tightness based on curvature conditions.
Series: Algebra Seminar
In this talk we will discuss an arithmetic analogue of the gonality of a nice curve over a number field: the smallest positive integer e such that the points of residue degree bounded by e are infinite. By work of Faltings, Harris--Silverman and Abramovich--Harris, it is understood when this invariant is 1, 2, or 3; by work of Debarre-Fahlaoui these criteria do not generalize. We will focus on scenarios under which we can guarantee that this invariant is actually equal to the gonality using the auxiliary geometry of a surface containing the curve. This is joint work with Geoffrey Smith.
Series: ACO Student Seminar
In this talk we introduce two different random graph models that produce sparse graphs with overlapping community structure and discuss community detection in each context. The Random Overlapping Community (ROC) model produces a sparse graph by constructing many Erdos Renyi random graphs (communities) on small randomly selected subsets of vertices. By varying the size and density of these communities, ROC graphs can be tuned to exhibit a wide range normalized of closed walk count vectors, including those of hypercubes. This is joint work with Santosh Vempala. In the second half of the talk, we introduce the Community Configuration Model (CCM), a variant of the configuration model in which half-edges are assigned colors and pair according to a matching rule on the colors. The model is a generalization of models in the statistical physics literature and is a natural finite analog for classes of graphexes. We describe a hypothesis testing algorithm that determines whether a graph came from a community configuration model or a traditional configuration model. This is joint work with Christian Borgs, Jennifer Chayes, Souvik Dhara, and Subhabrata Sen.
Prevalence of heavy-tailed distributions in systems with multiple scales: insights through stochastic averaging
Series: Stochastics Seminar
Heavy tailed distributions have been shown to be consistent with data in a variety of systems with multiple time scales. Recently, increasing attention has appeared in different phenomena related to climate. For example, correlated additive and multiplicative (CAM) Gaussian noise, with infinite variance or heavy tails in certain parameter regimes, has received increased attention in the context of atmosphere and ocean dynamics. We discuss how CAM noise can appear generically in many reduced models. Then we show how reduced models for systems driven by fast linear CAM noise processes can be connected with the stochastic averaging for multiple scales systems driven by alpha-stable processes. We identify the conditions under which the approximation of a CAM noise process is valid in the averaged system, and illustrate methods using effectively equivalent fast, infinite-variance processes. These applications motivate new stochastic averaging results for systems with fast processes driven by heavy-tailed noise. We develop these results for the case of alpha-stable noise, and discuss open problems for identifying appropriate heavy tailed distributions for these multiple scale systems. This is joint work with Prof. Adam Monahan (U Victoria) and Dr. Will Thompson (UBC/NMi Metrology and Gaming).
Series: Job Candidate Talk
The cellular cytoskeleton ensures the dynamic transport, localization, and anchoring of various proteins and vesicles. In the development of egg cells into embryos, messenger RNA (mRNA) molecules bind and unbind to and from cellular roads called microtubules, switching between bidirectional transport, diffusion, and stationary states. Since models of intracellular transport can be analytically intractable, asymptotic methods are useful in understanding effective cargo transport properties as well as their dependence on model parameters.We consider these models in the framework of partial differential equations as well as stochastic processes and derive the effective velocity and diffusivity of cargo at large time for a general class of problems. Including the geometry of the microtubule filaments allows for better prediction of particle localization and for investigation of potential anchoring mechanisms. Our numerical studies incorporating model microtubule structures suggest that anchoring of mRNA-molecular motor complexes may be necessary in localization, to promote healthy development of oocytes into embryos. I will also briefly go over other ongoing projects and applications related to intracellular transport.
Series: Other Talks
Oral Comprehensive Exam
<p>The purpose of this work is approximation of generic Hamiltonian dynamical systems by those with a finite number of islands. In this work, we will consider a Lemon billiard as our Hamiltonian dynamical system apparently with an infinitely many islands. Then, we try to construct a Hamiltonian dynamical system by deforming the boundary of our lemon billiard to have a finite number of islands which are the same or sub-islands of our original system. Moreover, we want to show elsewhere in the phase space of the constructed billiard is a chaotic sea. In this way, we will have a dynamical system which preserves some properties of our lemon billiards while it has much simpler structure.</p>