Series: Geometry Topology Seminar
We will present an h-principle for the simplification of singularities of Lagrangian and Legendrian fronts. The h-principle says that if there is no homotopy theoretic obstruction to simplifying the singularities of tangency of a Lagrangian or Legendrian submanifold with respect to an ambient foliation by Lagrangian or Legendrian leaves, then the simplification can be achieved by means of a Hamiltonian isotopy. We will also discuss applications of the h-principle to symplectic and contact topology.
Series: Algebra Seminar
Monday, February 11, 2019 - 12:45 , Location: Skiles 006 , Daniel Álvarez-Gavela , IAS , Organizer: John Etnyre
The semi-cubical cusp which is formed in the bottom of a mug when you shine a light on it is an everyday example of a caustic. In this talk we will become familiar with the singularities of Lagrangian and Legendrian fronts, also known as caustics in the mathematics literature, which have played an important role in symplectic and contact topology since the work of Arnold and his collaborators. For this purpose we will discuss some basic singularity theory, the method of generating families in cotangent bundles, the geometry of the front projection, the Legendrian Reidemeister theorem, and draw many pictures of the simplest examples.
Homogenization of a class of one-dimensional nonconvex viscous Hamilton-Jacobi equations with random potential
Series: Stochastics Seminar
I will present joint work with Elena Kosygina and Ofer Zeitouni in which we prove the homogenization of a class of one-dimensional viscous Hamilton-Jacobi equations with random Hamiltonians that are nonconvex in the gradient variable. Due to the special form of the Hamiltonians, the solutions of these PDEs with linear initial conditions have representations involving exponential expectations of controlled Brownian motion in a random potential. The effective Hamiltonian is the asymptotic rate of growth of these exponential expectations as time goes to infinity and is explicit in terms of the tilted free energy of (uncontrolled) Brownian motion in a random potential. The proof involves large deviations, construction of correctors which lead to exponential martingales, and identification of asymptotically optimal policies.
Series: High Dimensional Seminar
Wednesday, February 6, 2019 - 13:55 , Location: Skiles 005 , Dario Alberto Mena , University of Costa Rica , Organizer: Galyna Livshyts