Monday, March 10, 2014 - 14:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Anh Tran , Ohio State University (Columbus) , Organizer: Thang Le
A non-trivial group G is called left-orderable if there exists a strict total ordering < on its elements such that g
Monday, March 3, 2014 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Ken Baker , University of Miami , Organizer: John Etnyre
A contact structure on a 3-manifold is called overtwisted ifthere is a certain kind of embedded disk called an overtwisted disk; it istight if no such disk exists. A Legendrian knot in an overtwisted contact3-manifold is loose if its complement is overtwisted and non-loose if itscomplement is tight. We define and compare two geometric invariants, depthand tension, that measure how far from loose is a non-loose knot. This isjoint work with Sinem Onaran.
Monday, February 17, 2014 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Andrew Fanoe , Morehouse College , Organizer: John Etnyre
The question of what conditions guarantee that a symplectic$S^1$ action is Hamiltonian has been studied for many years. Sue Tolmanand Jonathon Weitsman proved that if the action is semifree and has anon-empty set of isolated fixed points then the action is Hamiltonian.Furthermore, Cho, Hwang, and Suh proved in the 6-dimensional case that ifwe have $b_2^+=1$ at a reduced space at a regular level $\lambda$ of thecircle valued moment map, then the action is Hamiltonian. In this paper, wewill use this to prove that certain 6-dimensional symplectic actions whichare not semifree and have a non-empty set of isolated fixed points areHamiltonian. In this case, the reduced spaces are 4-dimensional symplecticorbifolds, and we will resolve the orbifold singularities and useJ-holomorphic curve techniques on the resolutions.
Monday, February 10, 2014 - 14:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Johanna Mangahas , U at Buffalo , Organizer: Dan Margalit
I'll talk about joint work with Sam Taylor. We characterize convex cocompact subgroups of mapping class groups that arise as subgroups of specially embedded right-angled Artin groups. We use this to construct convex cocompact subgroups of Mod(S) whose orbit maps into the curve complex have small Lipschitz constants.
Monday, February 3, 2014 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Jonathan Williams , University of Georgia , Organizer: John Etnyre
The topic of smooth 4-manifolds is a long established, yetunderdeveloped one. Its mystery lies partly in its wealth of strangeexamples, coupled with a lack of generally applicable tools to putthose examples into a sensible framework, or to effectively study4-manifolds that do not satisfy rather strict criteria. I will outlinerecent work that associates objects from symplectic topology, calledweak Floer A-infinity algebras, to general smooth, closed oriented4-manifolds. As time permits, I will speculate on a "genus-g Fukayacategory of smooth 4-manifolds.
Monday, January 27, 2014 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Mark Hughes , SUNY, Stony Brook , Organizer: John Etnyre
In this talk I will discuss bounds on the slice genus of aknot coming from it's representation as a braid closure, starting withthe slice-Bennequin inequality. From there I will use surfacebraiding techniques of Rudolph and Kamada to exhibit a new lower boundon the ribbon genus of a knot, given some knowledge about what slicesurfaces it bounds.
Monday, January 13, 2014 - 14:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Zsuzsanna Dancso , University of Toronto , firstname.lastname@example.org , Organizer: Stavros Garoufalidis
We discuss a simple construction a finite dimensional algebra("bipartite algebra") to a bipartite oriented graph, and explain how thestudy of the representation theory of these algebras produces acategorification of the cut and flow lattices of graphs. I'll also mentionwhy we suspect that bipartite algebras should arise naturally in severalother contexts. This is joint work with Anthony Licata.
Monday, January 6, 2014 - 14:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Sean Cleary , CUNY , Organizer: Dan Margalit
Houghton's groups are a family of subgroups of infinite permutation groups known for their cohomological properties. Here, I describe some aspects of their geometry and metric properties including families of self-quasi-isomtries. This is joint work with Jose Burillo, Armando Martino and Claas Roever.