Seminars and Colloquia by Series

Monday, September 26, 2016 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Burak Ozbagci , UCLA and Koc University , Organizer: John Etnyre
We prove that any minimal weak symplectic filling of the canonical contact structure on the unit cotangent bundle of a nonorientable closed surface other than the real projective plane is s-cobordant rel boundary to the disk cotangent bundle of the surface. If the nonorientable surface is the Klein bottle, then we show that the minimal weak symplectic filling is unique up to homeomorphism. (This is a joint work with Youlin Li.)
Monday, September 19, 2016 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Craig Westerland , University of Minnesota , Organizer: Kirsten Wickelgren
I will describe new techniques for computing the homology of braid groups with coefficients in certain exponential coefficient systems.  An unexpected side of this story (at least to me) is a connection with the cohomology of certain braided Hopf algebras — quantum shuffle algebras and Nichols algebras — which are central to the classification of pointed Hopf algebras and quantum groups. We can apply these tools to get a bound on the growth of the cohomology of Hurwitz moduli spaces of branched covers of the plane in certain cases.  This yields a weak form of Malle’s conjecture on the distribution of fields with prescribed Galois group in the function field setting.  This is joint work with Jordan Ellenberg and TriThang Tran.
Monday, September 12, 2016 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Mark Lowell , University of Massachusetts , Organizer: John Etnyre
We consider two knot diagrams to be equivalent if they are isotopic without Reidemeister moves, and prove a method for determining if the equivalence class of a knot diagram contains a representative that is the Lagrangian projection of a Legendrian knot.   This work gives us a new tool for determining if a Legendrian knot can be de-stabilized.
Monday, September 5, 2016 - 14:00 , Location: None , None , None , Organizer: John Etnyre
Monday, August 29, 2016 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Weiwei Wu , University of Georgia , Organizer: John Etnyre

In this talk we first introduce a new "singularity-free" approach to the proof of Seidel's long exact sequence, including the fixed-point version. This conveniently generalizes to Dehn twists along Lagrangian submanifolds which are rank one symmetric spaces and their covers, including RPn and CPn, matching a mirror prediction due to Huybrechts and Thomas. The idea of the proof can be interpreted as a "mirror" of the construction in algebraic geometry, realized by a new surgery and cobordism construction.  This is a joint work with Cheuk-Yu Mak.

Monday, August 22, 2016 - 14:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Rebecca Winarski , University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee , Organizer: Dan Margalit
Birman and Hilden ask: given finite branched cover X over the 2-sphere, does every homeomorphism of the sphere lift to a homeomorphism of X?  For covers of degree 2, the answer is yes, but the answer is sometimes yes and sometimes no for higher degree covers.  In joint work with Ghaswala, we completely answer the question for cyclic branched covers.  When the answer is yes, there is an embedding of the mapping class group of the sphere into a finite quotient of the mapping class group of X.  In a family where the answer is no, we find a presentation for the group of isotopy classes of homeomorphisms of the sphere that do lift, which is a finite index subgroup of the mapping class group of the sphere.  Our family introduces new examples of orbifold Picard groups of subloci of Teichmuller space that are finitely generated but not cyclic.  
Thursday, June 23, 2016 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 005 , Yajing Liu , UCLA , Organizer: John Etnyre
Existence of tight contact structures is a fundamental question of contact topology. Etnyre and Honda first gave the example which doesn't admit any tight structure. The existence of fillable tight structures is also a subtle question. Here we give some new examples of hyperbolic 3-manifolds which do not admit any fillable structures.
Monday, June 6, 2016 - 14:05 , Location: Skiles 114 , Christian Zickert , University of Maryland , , Organizer: Stavros Garoufalidis
We discuss the higher Teichmuller space A_{G,S} defined by Fockand Goncharov. This space is defined for a punctured surface S withnegative Euler characteristic, and a semisimple, simply connected Lie groupG. There is a birational atlas on A_{G,S} with a chart for each idealtriangulation of S. Fock and Goncharov showed that the transition functionsare positive, i.e. subtraction-free rational functions. We will show thatwhen G has rank 2, the transition functions are given by explicit quivermutations.
Tuesday, May 31, 2016 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Caitlin Leverson , Duke University , Organizer: John Etnyre
Given a plane field $dz-xdy$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$. A Legendrian knot is a knot which at every point is tangent to the plane at that point. One can similarly define a Legendrian knot in any contact 3-manifold (manifold with a plane field satisfying some conditions). In this talk, we will explore Legendrian knots in $\mathbb{R}^3$, $J^1(S^1)$, and $\#^k(S^1\times S^2)$ as well as a few Legendrian knot invariants. We will also look at the relationships between a few of these knot invariants. No knowledge of Legendrian knots will be assumed though some knowledge of basic knot theory would be useful.
Monday, May 16, 2016 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Jennifer Hom , Georgia Tech , Organizer: John Etnyre
Auckly gave two examples of irreducible integer homology spheres (one toroidal and one hyperbolic) which are not surgery on a knot in the three-sphere. Using an obstruction coming from Heegaard Floer homology, we will provide infinitely many hyperbolic examples, as well as infinitely many examples with arbitrary JSJ decomposition. This is joint work with Lidman.