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Series: PDE Seminar

The Cucker-Smale system is a popular model of collective behavior of interacting agents, used, in particular, to model bird flocking and fish swarming. The underlying premise is the tendency for a local alignment of the bird (or fish, or ...) velocities. The Euler-Cucker-Smale system is an effective macroscopic PDE limit of such particle systems. It has the form of the pressureless Euler equations with a non-linear density-dependent alignment term. The alignment term is a non-linear version of the fractional Laplacian to a power alpha in (0,1). It is known that the corresponding Burgers' equation with a linear dissipation of this type develops shocks in a finite time. We show that nonlinearity enhances the dissipation, and the solutions stay globally regular for all alpha in (0,1): the dynamics is regularized due to the nonlinear nature of the alignment. This is a joint work with T. Do, A.Kiselev and C. Tan.

Series: PDE Seminar

In this talk, a mathematical model of long-crested water waves propagating mainly in one direction with the effect of Earth's rotation is derived by following the formal asymptotic procedures. Such a model equation is analogous to the Camassa-Holm approximation of the two-dimensional incompressible and irrotational Euler equations and has a formal bi-Hamiltonian structure. Its solution corresponding to physically relevant initial perturbations is more accurate on a much longer time scale. It is shown that the deviation of the free surface can be determined by the horizontal velocity at a certain depth in the second-order approximation. The effects of the Coriolis force caused by the Earth rotation and nonlocal higher nonlinearities on blow-up criteria and wave-breaking phenomena are also investigated. Our refined analysis is approached by applying the method of characteristics and conserved quantities to the Riccati-type differential inequality.

Series: PDE Seminar

In 1944, L.D. Landau first discovered explicit (-1)-homogeneous solutions of 3-d stationary incompressible Navier-Stokes equations (NSE) with precisely one singularity at the origin, which are axisymmetric with no swirl. These solutions are now called Landau solutions. In 1998 G. Tian and Z. Xin proved that all solutions which are (-1) homogeneous, axisymmetric with one singularity are Landau solutions. In 2006 V. Sverak proved that with just the (-1)-homogeneous assumption Landau solutions are the only solutions with one singularity. He also proved that there are no such solutions in dimension greater than 3. Our work focuses on the (-1)-homogeneous solutions of 3-d incompressible stationary NSE with finitely many singularities on the unit sphere.In this talk we will first classify all (-1)-homogeneous axisymmetric no-swirl solutions of 3-d stationary incompressible NSE with one singularity at the south pole on the unit sphere as a two dimensional solution surface. We will then present our results on the existence of a one parameter family of (-1)-homogeneous axisymmetric solutions with non-zero swirl and smooth on the unit sphere away from the south pole, emanating from the two dimensional surface of axisymmetric no-swirl solutions. We will also present asymptotic behavior of general (-1)-homogeneous axisymmetric solutions in a cone containing the south pole with a singularity at the south pole on the unit sphere. We also constructed families of solutions smooth on the unit sphere away from the north and south poles.This is a joint work with Professor Yanyan Li and Li Li.

Series: PDE Seminar

We will introduce a recently found channel of energy inequality for outgoing waves, which has been useful for semi-linear wave equations at energy criticality. Then we will explain an application of this channel of energy argument to the energy critical wave maps into the sphere. The main issue is to eliminate the so-called "null concentration of energy". We will explain why this is an important issue in the wave maps. Combining the absence of null concentration with suitable coercive property of energy near traveling waves, we show a universality property for the blow up of wave maps with energy that are just above the co-rotational wave maps. Difficulties with extending to arbitrarily large wave maps will also be discussed. This is joint work with Duyckaerts, Kenig and Merle.

Series: PDE Seminar

For a map u from a Riemann surface M to a Riemannian manifold and a>1, the a-energy functional is defined as E_a(u)=\int_M |\nabla u|^{2a}dx. We call u_a a sequence of Sacks-Uhlenbeck maps if u_a is a critical point of E_a, and sup_{a>1} E_a(u_a)<\infty. In this talk, when the target manifold is a standard sphere S^K, we prove the energy identity for a sequence of Sacks-Uhlenbeck maps during blowing up.

Series: PDE Seminar

We discuss the derivation and analysis of a family of 4th order nonlinear PDEs that arise in the study of crystal evolution. This is joint work with Jon Weare, Jianfeng Lu, Dio Margetis, Jian-Guo Liu and Anya Katsevich.

Series: PDE Seminar

I will discuss applications of the theory of gradient ﬂows to the dynamics of evolution equations. First, I will review how to obtain convergence rates towards equilibrium in the strictly convex case. Second, I will introduce a technique developed in collaboration with Moon-Jin Kang that allows one to obtain convergence rates towards equilibrium in some situations where convexity is not available. Finally, I will describe how these techniques were useful in the study of the dynamics of homogeneous Vicsek model and the Kuramoto-Sakaguchi equation. The contributions on the Kuramoto-Sakaguchi equation are based on a joint work with Seung-Yeal Ha, Young-Heon Kim, and Jinyeong Park. The contributions to the Vicsek model are based on works in collaboration with Alessio Figalli and Moon-Jin Kang.

Series: PDE Seminar

We consider stationary monotone mean-field games (MFGs) and study the existence of weak solutions. We introduce a regularized problem that preserves the monotonicity and prove the existence of solutions to the regularized problem. Next, using Minty's method, we establish the existence of solutions for the original MFGs. Finally, we examine the properties of these weak solutions in several examples.

Series: PDE Seminar

Linear wave solutions to the Charney-Hasegawa-Mima equation with periodic boundary conditions have two physical interpretations: Rossby (atmospheric) waves, and drift (plasma) waves in a tokamak. These waves display resonance in triads. In the case of infinite Rossby deformation radius, the set of resonant triads may be described as the set of integer solutions to a particular homogeneous Diophantine equation, or as the set of rational points on a projective surface. We give a rationalparametrization of the smooth points on this surface, answering the question: What are all resonant triads, and how may they be enumerated quickly? We also give a fiberwise description, yielding an algorithmic procedure to answer the question: For fixed $r \in \Q$, what are all wavevectors $(x,y)$ that resonate with a wavevector $(a,b)$ with $a/b = r$?

Series: PDE Seminar

Abstract: Abstract: Let p(x,xi) be a complex-valued polynomial of degree 2 on R^{2n}, and let P be the corresponding non-self-adjoint Weyl quantization. We will discuss some results on the relationship between the classical Hamilton flow exp(H_p) and the L^2 operator theory for the Schrödinger evolution exp(-iP), under a positivity condition of Melin and Sjöstrand.