Large Eddy Simulation of Turbulent Sooting Flames: Subfilter Scale Modeling of Soot Sources and Species Transport

Applied and Computational Mathematics Seminar
Monday, August 26, 2019 - 2:00pm
1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 005
University of Minnesota – Twin Cities

Soot particles are major pollutants emitted from propulsion and power generation systems. In turbulent combustion, soot evolution is heavily influenced by soot-turbulence-chemistry interaction. Specifically, soot is formed during combustion of fuel-rich mixtures and is rapidly oxidized before being transported by turbulence into fuel-lean mixtures. Furthermore, different soot evolution mechanisms are dominant over distinct regions of mixture fraction. For these reasons, a new subfilter Probability Density Function (PDF) model is proposed to account for this distribution of soot in mixture fraction space. At the same time, Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) studies of turbulent nonpremixed jet flames have revealed that Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAH), the gas-phase soot precursors, are confined to spatially intermittent regions of low scalar dissipation rates due to their slow formation chemistry. The length scales of these regions are on the order of the Kolmogorov scale (i.e., the smallest turbulence scale) or smaller, where molecular diffusion dominates over turbulent mixing irrespective of the large-scale turbulent Reynolds number. A strain-sensitivity parameter is developed to identify such species. A Strain-Sensitive Transport Approach (SSTA) is then developed to model the differential molecular transport in the nonpremixed “flamelet” equations. These two models are first validated a priori against a DNS database, and then implemented within a Large Eddy Simulation (LES) framework, applied to a series of turbulent nonpremixed sooting jet flames, and validated via comparisons with experimental measurements of soot volume fraction.