The Almost Subadditivity of the Entropy on Kac’s Sphere

Math Physics Seminar
Wednesday, August 20, 2014 - 3:05pm
1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 006
University of Cambridge, UK
  It is an interesting well known fact that the relative entropy of the marginals of a density with respect to the Gaussian measure on Euclidean space satisfies a simple subadditivity property. Surprisingly enough, when one tries to achieve a similar result on the N-sphere a factor of 2 appears in the right hand side of the inequality (a result due to Carlen, Lieb and Loss), and this factor is sharp. Besides a deviation from the simple ``equivalence of ensembles principle'' in equilibrium Statistical Mechanics, this entropic inequality on the sphere has interesting ramifications in other fields, such as Kinetic Theory.In this talk we will present conditions on a density function on the sphere, under which we can get an ``almost'' subaditivity property; i.e. the factor 2 can be replaced with a factor that tends to 1 as the dimension of the sphere tends to infinity. The main tools for proving this result is an entropy conserving extension of the density from the sphere to Euclidean space together with a comparison of appropriate transportation distances such as the entropy, Fisher information and Wasserstein distance between the marginals of the original density and that of the extension. Time permitting, we will give an example that arises naturally in the investigation of the Kac Model.