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Series: Geometry Topology Seminar

We give a simple geometric criterion for an element to normally generate the mapping class group of a surface. As an application of this criterion, we show that when a surface has genus at least 3, every periodic mapping class except for the hyperelliptic involution normally generates. We also give examples of pseudo-Anosov elements that normally generate when genus is at least 2, answering a question of D. Long.

Series: Geometry Topology Seminar

We will discuss a relation between some notions in three-dimensional topology and four-dimensional aspects of knot theory.

Series: Geometry Topology Seminar

Alexandru Oancea:
Title: Symplectic homology for cobordisms
Abstract: Symplectic homology for a Liouville cobordism - possibly filled
at the negative end - generalizes simultaneously the symplectic homology of
Liouville domains and the Rabinowitz-Floer homology of their boundaries. I
will explain its definition, some of its properties, and give a sample
application which shows how it can be used in order to obstruct cobordisms
between contact manifolds. Based on joint work with Kai Cieliebak and Peter
Albers.
Basak Gürel:
Title: From Lusternik-Schnirelmann theory to Conley conjecture
Abstract: In this talk I will discuss a recent result showing that whenever
a closed symplectic manifold admits a Hamiltonian diffeomorphism with
finitely many simple periodic orbits, the manifold has a spherical homology
class of degree two with positive symplectic area and positive integral of
the first Chern class. This theorem encompasses all known cases of the
Conley conjecture (symplectic CY and negative monotone manifolds) and also
some new ones (e.g., weakly exact symplectic manifolds with non-vanishing
first Chern class). The proof hinges on a general Lusternik–Schnirelmann
type result that, under some natural additional conditions, the sequence of
mean spectral invariants for the iterations of a Hamiltonian diffeomorphism
never stabilizes. Based on joint work with Viktor Ginzburg.

Series: Geometry Topology Seminar

Let S be a Riemann surface of type (p,1), p > 1. Let f be a point-pushing pseudo-Anosov map of S. Let t(f) denote the translation length of f on the curve complex for S. According to Masur-Minsky, t(f) has a uniform positive lower bound c_p that only depends on the genus p.Let F be the subgroup of the mapping class group of S consisting of point-pushing mapping classes. Denote by L(F) the infimum of t(f) for f in F pseudo-Anosov. We know that L(F) is it least c_p. In this talk we improve this result by establishing the inequalities .8 <= L(F) <= 1 for every genus p > 1.

Series: Geometry Topology Seminar

This is joint work with Hyam Rubinstein. Matveev and Piergallini independently show that the set of triangulations of a three-manifold is connected under 2-3 and 3-2 Pachner moves, excepting triangulations with only one tetrahedron. We give a more direct proof of their result which (in work in progress) allows us to extend the result to triangulations of four-manifolds.

Series: Geometry Topology Seminar

I will present the recent result with P.Albers and D.Hein that every graphical hypersurface in a prequantization bundle over a symplectic manifold M pinched between two circle bundles whose ratio of radii is less than \sqrt{2} carries either one short simple periodic orbit or carries at least cuplength(M)+1 simple periodic Reeb orbits.

Series: Geometry Topology Seminar

A foundational result in the study of contact geometry and Legendrian knots is Eliashberg and Fraser's classification of Legendrian unknots They showed that two homotopy-theoretic invariants - the Thurston-Bennequin number and rotation number - completely determine a Legendrian unknot up to isotopy. Legendrian spatial graphs are a natural generalization of Legendrian knots. We prove an analogous result for planar Legendrian graphs. Using convex surface theory, we prove that the rotation invariant and Legendrian ribbon are a complete set of invariants for planar Legendrian graphs. We apply this result to completely classify planar Legendrian embeddings of the Theta graph. Surprisingly, this classification shows that Legendrian graphs violate some proven and conjectured properties of Legendrian knots. This is joint work with Danielle O'Donnol.

Series: Geometry Topology Seminar

Exploring when a closed oriented 3-manifold has vanishing reduced Heegaard Floer homology---hence is a so-called L-space---lends insight into the deeper question of how Heegaard Floer homology can be used to enumerate and classify interesting geometric structures. Two years ago, J. Rasmussen and I developed a tool to classify the L-space Dehn surgery slopes for knots in 3-manifolds, and I later built on these methods to classify all graph manifold L-spaces. After briefly discussing these tools, I will describe my more recent computation of the region of rational L-space surgeries on any torus-link satellite of an L-space knot, with a result that precisely extends Hedden’s and Hom’s analogous result for cables. More generally, I will discuss the region of L-space surgeries on iterated torus-link satellites and algebraic link satellites, along with implications for conjectures involving co-oriented taut foliations and left-orderable fundamental groups.

Series: Geometry Topology Seminar

I will discuss joint work with Hutchings which gives a rigorousconstruction of cylindrical contact homology via geometric methods. Thistalk will highlight our use of non-equivariant constructions, automatictransversality, and obstruction bundle gluing. Together these yield anonequivariant homological contact invariant which is expected to beisomorphic to SH^+ under suitable assumptions. By making use of familyFloer theory we obtain an S^1-equivariant theory defined with coefficientsin Z, which when tensored with Q recovers the classical cylindrical contacthomology, now with the guarantee of well-definedness and invariance. Thisintegral lift of contact homology also contains interesting torsioninformation.

Series: Geometry Topology Seminar

I will describe a diagrammatic classification of (1,1) knots in S^3 and lens spaces that admit non-trivial L-space surgeries. A corollary of the classification is that 1-bridge braids in these manifolds admit non-trivial L-space surgeries. This is joint work with Sam Lewallen and Faramarz Vafaee.