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Series: CDSNS Colloquium

One dimensional discrete Schrödinger operators arise naturally in modeling
the motion of quantum particles in a disordered medium. The medium is
described by potentials which may naturally be generated by certain ergodic
dynamics. We will begin with two classic models where the potentials are
periodic sequences and i.i.d. random variables (Anderson Model). Then we
will move on to quasi-periodic potentials, of which the randomness is
between periodic and i.i.d models and the phenomena may become more subtle,
e.g. a metal-insulator type of transition may occur. We will show how the
dynamical object, the Lyapunov exponent, plays a key role in the spectral
analysis of these types of operators.

Monday, April 24, 2017 - 14:05 ,
Location: Skiles 005 ,
Prof. George Mohler ,
IUPUI Computer Science ,
Organizer: Martin Short

In this talk we focus on classification problems where noisy sensor
measurements collected over a time window must be classified into one or
more categories. For example, mobile phone health and insurance apps
take as input time series from the accelerometer, gyroscope and GPS
radio of the phone and output predictions as to whether the user is
still, walking, running, biking, driving etc. Standard approaches to
this problem consist of first engineering features from statistics of
the data (or a transform) over a window and then training a
discriminative classifier. For two applications we show how these
features can instead be learned in an end-to-end modeling framework with
the advantages of increased accuracy and decreased modeling and
training time. The first application is reconstructing unobserved neural connections from Calcium fluorescence time series and we introduce a novel convolutional neural network architecture
with an inverse covariance layer to solve the problem. The second
application is driving detection on mobile phones with applications to
car telematics and insurance.

Series: Geometry Topology Seminar

Alexandru Oancea:
Title: Symplectic homology for cobordisms
Abstract: Symplectic homology for a Liouville cobordism - possibly filled
at the negative end - generalizes simultaneously the symplectic homology of
Liouville domains and the Rabinowitz-Floer homology of their boundaries. I
will explain its definition, some of its properties, and give a sample
application which shows how it can be used in order to obstruct cobordisms
between contact manifolds. Based on joint work with Kai Cieliebak and Peter
Albers.
Basak Gürel:
Title: From Lusternik-Schnirelmann theory to Conley conjecture
Abstract: In this talk I will discuss a recent result showing that whenever
a closed symplectic manifold admits a Hamiltonian diffeomorphism with
finitely many simple periodic orbits, the manifold has a spherical homology
class of degree two with positive symplectic area and positive integral of
the first Chern class. This theorem encompasses all known cases of the
Conley conjecture (symplectic CY and negative monotone manifolds) and also
some new ones (e.g., weakly exact symplectic manifolds with non-vanishing
first Chern class). The proof hinges on a general Lusternik–Schnirelmann
type result that, under some natural additional conditions, the sequence of
mean spectral invariants for the iterations of a Hamiltonian diffeomorphism
never stabilizes. Based on joint work with Viktor Ginzburg.

Series: Algebra Seminar

I will discuss the interplay between tangent lines of algebraic and tropical curves. By tropicalizing all the tangent lines
of a plane curve, we obtain the tropical dual curve, and a recipe
for computing the Newton polygon of the dual projective curve.
In the case of canonical curves, tangent lines are closely related
with various phenomena in algebraic geometry such as double covers, theta characteristics and Prym varieties. When degenerating
them in families, we discover analogous constructions in tropical
geometry, and links between quadratic forms, covers of graphs and
tropical bitangents.

Series: PDE Seminar

The Cucker-Smale system is a popular model of collective behavior of interacting agents, used, in particular, to model bird flocking and fish swarming. The underlying premise is the tendency for a local alignment of the bird (or fish, or ...) velocities. The Euler-Cucker-Smale system is an effective macroscopic PDE limit of such particle systems. It has the form of the pressureless Euler equations with a non-linear density-dependent alignment term. The alignment term is a non-linear version of the fractional Laplacian to a power alpha in (0,1). It is known that the corresponding Burgers' equation with a linear dissipation of this type develops shocks in a finite time. We show that nonlinearity enhances the dissipation, and the solutions stay globally regular for all alpha in (0,1): the dynamics is regularized due to the nonlinear nature of the alignment. This is a joint work with T. Do, A.Kiselev and C. Tan.

Series: Dissertation Defense

Kinetic theory is the branch of mathematical physics that studies the motion of gas particles that undergo collisions. A central theme is the
study of systems out of equilibrium and approach of equilibrium, especially in the context of Boltzmann's equation. In this talk I will present Mark Kac's stochastic N-particle model, briefly show its connection to Boltzmann's equation, and present known and new results about the rate of approach to equilibrium, and about a finite-reservoir realization of an ideal thermostat.

Series: Dissertation Defense

We present two distinct problems in the field of dynamical systems.I the first part, we cosider an atomic model of deposition of materials over a quasi-periodic medium, that is, a quasi-periodic version of the well-known Frenkel-Kontorova model. We consider the problem of whether there are quasi-periodic equilibria with a frequency that resonates with the frequencies of the medium. We show that there are always perturbative expansions. We also prove a KAM theorem in a-posteriori form.In the second part, we consider a simple model of chemical reaction and present a numerical method calculating the invariant manifolds and their stable/unstable bundles based on parameterization method.

Series: Algebra Seminar

Chai and Oort have asked
the following question: For any algebraically closed field $k$, and for
$g \geq 4$, does there exist an abelian variety over $k$ of dimension
$g$ not isogenous to a Jacobian? The answer in characteristic 0 is now
known to be yes.
We present a heuristic which suggests that for certain $g \geq 4$, the
answer in characteristic $p$ is no. We will also construct a proper
subvariety of $X(1)^n$ which intersects every isogeny class, thereby
answering a related question, also asked by Chai
and Oort. This is joint work with Jacob Tsimerman.

Series: ACO Student Seminar

The random to random shuffle on a deck of cards is given by at each
step choosing a random card from the deck, removing it, and replacing it
in a random location. We show an upper bound for the total variation
mixing time of the walk of 3/4n log(n) +cn steps. Together with matching
lower bound of Subag (2013), this shows the walk mixes with cutoff at
3/4n log(n) steps, answering a conjecture of Diaconis. We use the
diagonalization of the walk by Dieker and Saliola (2015), which relates
the eigenvalues to Young tableaux.
Joint work with Evita Nestorid.