Landau's Density Results Revisited

Analysis Seminar
Wednesday, November 13, 2013 - 3:00pm for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 005
Shahaf Nitzan – Kent State
Brett Wick
This talk discusses exponential frames and Riesz sequences in L^2 over a set of finite measure. (Roughly speaking, Frames and Riesz sequences are over complete bases and under complete bases, respectively). Intuitively, one would assume that the frequencies of an exponential frame can not be too sparse, while those of an exponential Riesz sequence can not be too dense. This intuition was confirmed in a very general theorem of Landau, which holds for all bounded sets of positive measure. Landau's proof involved a deep study of the eigenvalues of compositions of certain projection operators. Over the years Landaus technique, as well as some relaxed version of it, were used in many different setting to obtain results of a similar nature. Recently , joint with A. Olevskii, we found a surprisingly simple approach to Landau's density theorems, which provides stronger versions of these results. In particular, the theorem for Riesz sequences was extended to unbounded sets (for frames, such an extension is trivial). In this talk we will discuss Landau's results and our approach for studying questions of this type.