Nonuniformly hyperbolic systems arising from coupling of chaotic and gradient-like systems

CDSNS Colloquium
Wednesday, July 1, 2020 - 9:00am for 1.5 hours (actually 80 minutes)
Matteo Tanzi – New York University –
Alex Blumenthal

We investigate dynamical systems obtained by coupling  an Anosov diffeomorphism and a N-pole-to-S-pole map of the circle. Both maps are uniformly hyperbolic; however, they have contrasting character, as the first one is chaotic while the second one has “orderly" dynamics. The first thing we show is that even weak coupling can produce interesting phenomena: when the attractor of the uncoupled system is not normally hyperbolic, most small interactions transform it from a smooth surface to a fractal-like set.  We then consider stronger couplings in which the action of the Anosov diffeomorphism on the circle map has certain monotonicity properties. These couplings produce genuine obstructions to uniform hyperbolicity; however, the monotonicity conditions make the system amenable to study by leveraging  techniques from the geometric and ergodic theories of hyperbolic systems.  In particular, we can show existence of invariant cones and SRB measures. 

This is joint work with Lai-Sang Young.