A degenerate Arnold diffusion mechanism in the Restricted 3 Body Problem

CDSNS Colloquium
Friday, October 6, 2023 - 3:30pm for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 249 (in-person)
Jaime Paradela – University of Maryland – paradela@umd.eduhttps://www.jaimeparadela.com/publications
Alex Blumenthal

A major question in dynamical systems is to understand the mechanisms driving global instability in the 3 Body Problem (3BP), which models the motion of three bodies under Newtonian gravitational interaction. The 3BP is called restricted if one of the bodies has zero mass and the other two, the primaries, have strictly positive masses $m_0, m_1$. In the region of the phase space where the massless body is far from the primaries, the problem can be studied as a (fast) periodic perturbation of the 2 Body Problem (2BP), which is integrable.

We prove that the restricted 3BP exhibits topological instability: for any values of the masses $m_0, m_1$ (except $m_0 = m_1$), we build orbits along which the angular momentum of the massless body (conserved along the flow of the 2BP) experiences an arbitrarily large variation. In order to prove this result we show that a degenerate Arnold diffusion mechanism takes place in the restricted 3BP. Our work extends previous results by Delshams, Kaloshin, De la Rosa and Seara for the a priori unstable case $m_1< 0$, where the model displays features of the so-called a priori stable setting. This is joint work with Marcel Guardia and Tere Seara.