Arnold Tongues in Standard Maps with Drift

CDSNS Colloquium
Friday, October 27, 2023 - 3:30pm for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 249
Jing Zhou – Great Bay University –
Keagan Callis

In the early 60’s J. B. Keller and D. Levy discovered a fundamental property: the instability tongues in Mathieu-type equations lose sharpness with the addition of higher-frequency harmonics in the Mathieu potentials. Twenty years later, V. Arnold discovered a similar phenomenon on the sharpness of Arnold tongues in circle maps (and rediscovered the result of Keller and Levy). In this paper we find a third class of object where a similar type of behavior takes place: area-preserving maps of the cylinder. loosely speaking, we show that periodic orbits of standard maps are extra fragile with respect to added drift (i.e. non-exactness) if the potential of the map is a trigonometric polynomial. That is, higher-frequency harmonics make periodic orbits more robust with respect to “drift". This observation was motivated by the study of traveling waves in the discretized sine-Gordon equation which in turn models a wide variety of physical systems. This is a joint work with Mark Levi.