Phase-shifted, exponentially small nanopterons in a model of KdV coupled to an oscillatory field

CDSNS Colloquium
Friday, September 22, 2023 - 3:30pm for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 249
Tim Faver – Kennesaw State University – tfaver1@kennesaw.edu
Alex Blumenthal

We develop nanopteron solutions for a coupled system of singularly perturbed ordinary differential equations.  To leading order, one equation governs the traveling wave profile for the Korteweg-de Vries (KdV) equation, while the other models a simple harmonic oscillator whose small mass is the problem’s natural small parameter.  A nanopteron solution consists of the superposition of an exponentially localized term and a small-amplitude periodic term.  We construct two families of nanopterons.  In the first, the periodic amplitude is fixed to be exponentially small but nonzero, and an auxiliary phase shift is introduced in the periodic term to meet a hidden solvability condition lurking within the problem.  In the second, the phase shift is fixed as a (more or less) arbitrary value, and now the periodic amplitude is selected to satisfy the solvability condition.  These constructions adapt different techniques due to Beale and Lombardi for related systems and is intended as the first step in a broader program uniting the flexible framework of Beale’s methods with the precision of Lombardi’s for applications to various problems in lattice dynamical systems.  As a more immediate application, we use the results for the model problem to solve a system of coupled KdV-KdV equations that models the propagation of certain surface water waves.