## New lower bounds on crossing numbers of $K_{m,n}$ from permutation modules and semidefinite programming

Series
Combinatorics Seminar
Time
Friday, April 14, 2023 - 3:00pm for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 249
Speaker
Daniel Brosch – University of Klagenfurt – https://www.danielbrosch.com/
Organizer

In this talk, we use semidefinite programming and representation theory to compute new lower bounds on the crossing number of the complete bipartite graph $K_{m,n}$, extending a method from de Klerk et al. [SIAM J. Discrete Math. 20 (2006), 189--202] and the subsequent reduction by De Klerk, Pasechnik and Schrijver [Math. Prog. Ser. A and B, 109 (2007) 613--624].

We exploit the full symmetry of the problem by developing a block-diagonalization of the underlying matrix algebra and use it to improve bounds on several concrete instances. Our results imply that $\mathrm{cr}(K_{10,n}) \geq 4.87057 n^2 - 10n$, $\mathrm{cr}(K_{11,n}) \geq 5.99939 n^2-12.5n$, $\mathrm{cr}(K_{12,n}) \geq 7.25579 n^2 - 15n$, $\mathrm{cr}(K_{13,n}) \geq 8.65675 n^2-18n$ for all~$n$. The latter three bounds are computed using a new relaxation of the original semidefinite programming bound, by only requiring one small matrix block to be positive semidefinite. Our lower bound on $K_{13,n}$ implies that for each fixed $m \geq 13$, $\lim_{n \to \infty} \text{cr}(K_{m,n})/Z(m,n) \geq 0.8878 m/(m-1)$. Here $Z(m,n)$ is the Zarankiewicz number: the conjectured crossing number of $K_{m,n}$.

This talk is based on joint work with Sven Polak.