Flip processes on finite graphs and dynamical systems they induce on graphons

Combinatorics Seminar
Friday, December 11, 2020 - 3:00pm for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
https://bluejeans.com/751242993/PASSWORD (To receive the password, please email Lutz Warnke)
Jan Hladky – Czech Academy of Sciences
Lutz Warnke

We introduce a class of random graph processes, which we call flip processes. Each such process is given by a rule which is just a function $\mathcal{R}:\mathcal{H}_k\rightarrow \mathcal{H}_k$ from all labelled $k$-vertex graphs into itself ($k$ is fixed). Now, the process starts with a given $n$-vertex graph $G_0$. In each step, the graph $G_i$ is obtained by sampling $k$ random vertices $v_1,\ldots,v_k$ of $G_{i-1}$ and replacing the induced graph $G_{i-1}[v_1,\ldots,v_k]$ by $\mathcal{R}(G_{i-1}[v_1,\ldots,v_k])$. This class contains several previously studied processes including the Erdos-Renyi random graph process and the random triangle removal.

Given a flip processes with a rule $\mathcal{R}$ we construct time-indexed trajectories $\Phi:\mathcal{W}\times [0,\infty)\rightarrow\mathcal{W}$ in the space of graphons. We prove that with high probability, starting with a large finite graph $G_0$ which is close to a graphon $W_0$, the flip process will follow the trajectory $(\Phi(W_0,t))_{t=0}^\infty$ (with appropriate rescaling of the time).

These graphon trajectories are then studied from the perspective of dynamical systems. We prove that two trajectories cannot form a confluence, give an example of a process with an oscilatory trajectory, and study stability and instability of fixed points.

Joint work with Frederik Garbe, Matas Sileikis and Fiona Skerman.