## First passage percolation: exceptional events and asymptotic behavior of invasion restricted geodesics

Series
Dissertation Defense
Time
Thursday, April 13, 2023 - 12:00pm for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 006
Speaker
David Harper – Georgia Tech – dharper40@gatech.edu
Organizer
David Harper

In first-passage percolation (FPP), we let $\tau_v$ be i.i.d. nonnegative weights on the vertices of a graph and study the weight of the minimal path between distant vertices. If $F$ is the distribution function of $\tau_v$, there are different regimes: if $F(0)$ is small, this weight typically grows like a linear function of the distance, and when $F(0)$ is large, the weight is typically of order one. In between these is the critical regime in which the weight can diverge but does so sublinearly. This talk will consider a dynamical version of critical FPP on the triangular lattice where vertices resample their weights according to independent rate-one Poisson processes. We will discuss results that show that if the sum of $F^{-1}(1/2+1/2^k)$ diverges, then a.s. there are exceptional times at which the weight grows atypically, but if the sum of $k^{7/8} F^{-1}(1/2+1/2^k)$ converges, then a.s. there are no such times. Furthermore, in the former case, we compute the Hausdorff and Minkowski dimensions of the exceptional set and show that they can be but need not be equal. Then we will consider what the model looks like when the weight of a long path is unusually small by considering an analogous construction to Kesten's incipient infinite cluster in the FPP setting. This is joint work with M. Damron, J. Hanson, W.-K. Lam.

Finally, we discuss a result related to work of Damron-Lam-Wang ('16) that the growth of the passage time to distance $n$ ($\mathbb{E}T(0,\partial B(n))$, where $B(n) = [-n,n]^2$)  has the same order (up to a constant factor) as the sequence $\mathbb{E}T^{\text{inv}}(0,\partial B(n))$. This second passage time is the minimal total weight of any path from 0 to $\partial B(n)$ that resides in a certain embedded invasion percolation cluster. We discuss a result that claims this constant factor cannot be taken to be 1. This result implies that the time constant for the model is different than that for the related invasion model, and that geodesics in the two models have different structures. This was joint work with M. Damron.