Constructing minimally 3-connected graphs

Graph Theory Seminar
Tuesday, February 23, 2021 - 3:45pm for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location For password, please email Anton Bernshteyn (bahtoh ~at~
Sandra Kingan – Brooklyn College, CUNY – skingan@brooklyn.cuny.edu
Anton Bernshteyn

A 3-connected graph is minimally 3-connected if removal of any edge destroys 3-connectivity. We present an algorithm for constructing minimally 3-connected graphs based on the results in (Dawes, JCTB 40, 159-168, 1986) using two operations: adding an edge between non-adjacent vertices and splitting a vertex of degree at least 4. To test sets of vertices and edges for 3-compatibility, which depends on the cycles of the graph, we develop a method for obtaining the cycles of $G'$ from the cycles of $G$, where $G'$ is obtained from $G$ by one of the two operations above.  We eliminate isomorphic duplicates using certificates generated by McKay's isomorphism checker nauty. The algorithm consecutively constructs the non-isomorphic minimally 3-connected graphs with $n$ vertices and $m$ edges from the non-isomorphic minimally 3-connected graphs with $n-1$ vertices and $m-2$ edges, $n-1$ vertices and $m-3$ edges, and $n-2$ vertices and $m-3$ edges. In this talk I will focus primarily on the theorems behind the algorithm. This is joint work with Joao Costalonga and Robert Kingan.