Absolutely continuous spectrum for random operators on certain graphs

Job Candidate Talk
Tuesday, January 21, 2014 - 11:05am for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 006
Christian Sadel – U. British Columbia, Vancouver – csadel@math.ubc.cahttp://www.math.ubc.ca/~csadel/
Jean Bellissard

Please Note: Christian Sadel is a Mathematical Physicists with broad spectrum of competences, who has been working in different areas, Random Matrix Theory (with H. Schulz-Baldes), discrete Schrödinger operators and tree graphs (with A. Klein), cocycle theory (with S. Jitomirskaya & A. Avila), SLE and spectral theory (with B. Virag), application to Mott transports in semiconductors (with J. Bellissard).

When P. Anderson introduced a model for the electronic structure in random disordered systems in 1958, such as randomly doped semiconductors, the surprise was his claim of the possibility of absence of diffusion for the electron motion. Today this phenomenon is called Anderson's localization and corresponds to pure point spectrum with exponentially decaying eigenfunctions for certain random Schrödinger operators (or Anderson models). Mathematically this phenomenon is quite well understood.For dimensions d≥3 and small disorder, the existence of diffusion, i.e. absolutely continuous spectrum, is expected, but mathematically still an open problem. In 1994, A. Klein gave a proof for a.c. spectrum for theinfinite-dimensional, hyperbolic, regular tree. However, generalizations to other hyperbolic trees and so-called "tree-strips" have only been made only in recent years. In my talk I will give an overview of the subject and these recent developments.