Motion Estimation and Imaging of Complex Scenes with Synthetic Aperture Radar

Job Candidate Talk
Tuesday, March 12, 2013 - 11:00am for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 005
Thomas Callaghan – Rice University –
Sung Ha Kang
In synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging, two important applications are formation of high resolution images and motion estimation of moving targets on the ground. In scenes with both stationary targets and moving targets, two problems arise. Moving targets appear in the computed image as a blurred extended target in the wrong location. Also, the presence of many stationary targets in the vicinity of the moving targets prevents existing algorithms for monostatic SAR from estimating the motion of the moving targets. In this talk I will discuss a data pre-processing strategy I developed to address the challenge of motion estimation in complex scenes. The approach involves decomposing the SAR data into components that correspond to the stationary targets and the moving targets, respectively. Once the decomposition is computed, existing algorithms can be applied to compute images of the stationary targets alone. Similarly, the velocity estimation and imaging of the moving targets can then be carried out separately.The approach for data decomposition adapts a recent development from compressed sensing and convex optimization ideas, namely robust principle component analysis (robust PCA), to the SAR problem. Classicalresults of Szego on the distribution of eigenvalues for Toeplitz matrices and more recent results on g-Toeplitz and g-Hankel matrices are key for the analysis. Numerical simulations will be presented.