Seminars and Colloquia by Series

Equidistribution of tropical Weierstrass points

Series
Algebra Seminar
Time
Monday, October 8, 2018 - 14:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 006
Speaker
Harry RichmanUniv. of Michigan
The set of (higher) Weierstrass points on a curve of genus g > 1 is an analogue of the set of N-torsion points on an elliptic curve. As N grows, the torsion points "distribute evenly" over a complex elliptic curve. This makes it natural to ask how Weierstrass points distribute, as the degree of the corresponding divisor grows. We will explore how Weierstrass points behave on tropical curves (i.e. finite metric graphs), and explain how their distribution can be described in terms of electrical networks. Knowledge of tropical curves will not be assumed, but knowledge of how to compute resistances (e.g. in series and parallel) will be useful.

Geometry of hyperfields by Jaiung Jun

Series
Algebra Seminar
Time
Friday, October 5, 2018 - 14:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Jaiung JunUniversity of Iowa
In this talk, we introduce rather exotic algebraic structures called hyperrings and hyperfields. We first review the basic definitions and examples of hyperrings, and illustrate how hyperfields can be employed in algebraic geometry to show that certain topological spaces (underlying topological spaces of schemes, Berkovich analytification of schemes, and real schemes) are homeomorphic to sets of rational points of schemes over hyperfields.

Real inflection points of real linear series on real (hyper)elliptic curves (joint with I. Biswas and C. Garay López)

Series
Algebra Seminar
Time
Friday, September 14, 2018 - 14:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Ethan CotterillUniversidade Federal Fluminense
According to Plucker's formula, the total inflection of a linear series (L,V) on a complex algebraic curve C is fixed by numerical data, namely the degree of L and the dimension of V. Equipping C and (L,V) with compatible real structures, it is more interesting to ask about the total real inflection of (L,V). The topology of the real inflectionary locus depends in a nontrivial way on the topology of the real locus of C. We study this dependency when C is hyperelliptic and (L,V) is a complete series. We first use a nonarchimedean degeneration to relate the (real) inflection of complete series to the (real) inflection of incomplete series on elliptic curves; we then analyze the real loci of Wronskians along an elliptic curve, and formulate some conjectural quantitative estimates.

The Toric regulator

Series
Algebra Seminar
Time
Monday, April 23, 2018 - 15:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skyles006
Speaker
Amnon BesserGeorgia Tech/Ben-Gurion University
The talk reports on joint work with Wayne Raskind and concerns the conjectural definition of a new type of regulator map into a quotient of an algebraic torus by a discrete subgroup, that should fit in "refined" Beilinson type conjectures, exteding special cases considered by Gross and Mazur-Tate.The construction applies to a smooth complete variety over a p-adic field K which has totally degenerate reduction, a technical term roughly saying that cycles acount for the entire etale cohomology of each component of the special fiber. The regulator is constructed out of the l-adic regulators for all primes l simulateously. I will explain the construction, the special case of the Tate elliptic curve where the regulator on cycles is the identity map, and the case of K_2 of Mumford curves, where the regulator turns out to be a map constructed by Pal. Time permitting I will also say something about the relation with syntomic regulators.

Algebraic methods for maximum likelihood estimation

Series
Algebra Seminar
Time
Monday, April 9, 2018 - 15:05 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005 or 006
Speaker
Kaie KubjasMIT / Aalto University
Given data and a statistical model, the maximum likelihood estimate is the point of the statistical model that maximizes the probability of observing the data. In this talk, I will address three different approaches to maximum likelihood estimation using algebraic methods. These three approaches use boundary stratification of the statistical model, numerical algebraic geometry and the EM fixed point ideal. This talk is based on joint work with Allman, Cervantes, Evans, Hoşten, Kosta, Lemke, Rhodes, Robeva, Sturmfels, and Zwiernik.

Higher nerves of simplicial complexes

Series
Algebra Seminar
Time
Friday, April 6, 2018 - 11:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 006
Speaker
Hai Long DaoUniversity of Kansas
The nerve complex of an open covering is a well-studied notion. Motivated by the so-called Lyubeznik complex in local algebra, and other sources, a notion of higher nerves of a collection of subspaces can be defined. The definition becomes particularly transparent over a simplicial complex. These higher nerves can be used to compute depth, and the h-vector of the original complex, among other things. If time permits, I will discuss new questions arises from these notions in commutative algebra, in particular a recent example of Varbaro on connectivity of hyperplane sections of a variety. This is joint work with J. Doolittle, K. Duna, B. Goeckner, B. Holmes and J. Lyle.

On wild covers of Berkovich curves and the lifting problem

Series
Algebra Seminar
Time
Monday, March 12, 2018 - 15:05 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Michael TemkinHebrew University
The structure of non-archimedean curves X and their tame covers f:Y-->X is well understoodand can be adequately described in terms of a (simultaneous) semistable model. In particular, asindicated by the lifting theorem of Amini-Baker-Brugalle-Rabinoff, it encodes all combinatorialand residual algebra-geometric information about f. My talk will be mainly concerned with the morecomplicated case of wild covers, where new discrete invariants appear, with the different function being the most basic one. I will recall its basic properties following my joint work with Cohen and Trushin,and will then pass to the latest results proved jointly with U. Brezner: the different functioncan be refined to an invariant of a residual type, which is a (sort of) meromorphic differential form on the reduction, so that a lifting theorem in the style of ABBR holds for simplest wild covers.

Syntomic regulators for K_2 of curves with arbitrary reduction

Series
Algebra Seminar
Time
Monday, January 29, 2018 - 15:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skyles006
Speaker
Amnon BesserGeorgia Tech/Ben-Gurion University
I will explain how to explicitly compute the syntomic regulator for varieties over $p$-adic fields, recently developed by Nekovar and Niziol, in terms of Vologodsky integration. The formulas are the same as in the good reduction case that I found almost 20 years ago. The two key ingrediants are the understanding of Vologodsky integration in terms of Coleman integration developed in my work with Zerbes and techniques for understanding the log-syntomic regulators for curves with semi-stable reduction in terms of the smooth locus.

Vologodsky and Coleman integration on curves with semi-stable reduction

Series
Algebra Seminar
Time
Monday, November 27, 2017 - 15:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skyles006
Speaker
Amnon BesserGeorgia Tech/Ben-Gurion University
Let X be a curve over a p-adic field K with semi-stable reduction and let $\omega$ be a meromorphic differential on X. There are two p-adic integrals one may associated to this data. One is the Vologodsky (abelian, Zarhin, Colmez) integral, which is a global function on the K-points of X defined up to a constant. The other is the collection of Coleman integrals on the subdomains reducing to the various components of the smooth locus. In this talk I will prove the following Theorem, joint with Sarah Zerbes: The Vologodsky integral is given on each subdomain by a Coleman integrals, and these integrals are related by the condition that their differences on the connecting annuli form a harmonic 1-cocyle on the edges of the dual graph of the special fiber.I will further explain the implications to the behavior of the Vologodsky integral on the connecting annuli, which has been observed independently and used, by Stoll, Katz-Rabinoff-Zureick-Brown, in works on global bounds on the number of rational points on curves, and an interesting product on 1-forms used in the proof of the Theorem as well as in work on p-adic height pairings. Time permitting I will explain the motivation for this result, which is relevant for the interesting question of generalizing the result to iterated integrals.

Tropical Dolbeault cohomology of non-archimedean analytic spaces

Series
Algebra Seminar
Time
Monday, November 20, 2017 - 15:05 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 006
Speaker
Philipp JellGeorgia Tech
Real-valued smooth differential forms on Berkovich analytic spaces were introduced by Chambert-Loir and Ducros. They show many fundamental properties analogous to smooth real differential forms on complex manifolds, which are used for example in Arakelov geometry. In particular, these forms define a real valued bigraded cohomology theory for Berkovich analytic space, called tropical Dolbeault cohomology. I will explain the definition and properties of these forms and their link to tropical geometry. I will then talk about results regarding the tropical Dolbeault cohomology of varietes and in particular curves. In particular, I will look at finite dimensionality and Poincar\'e duality.

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