Seminars and Colloquia Schedule

Improving and maximal inequalities in discrete harmonic analysis

Dissertation Defense
Wednesday, June 7, 2023 - 13:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Skiles 006 & online
Christina GiannitsiGeorgia Tech

►Presentation will be in hybrid format. Zoom link:

►Abstract: We study various averaging operators of discrete functions, inspired by number theory, in order to show they satisfy  $\ell^p$ improving and maximal bounds. The maximal bounds are obtained via sparse domination results for $p \in (1,2)$, which imply boundedness on $\ell ^p (w)$ for $p \in (1, \infty )$, for all weights $w$ in the Muckenhoupt $A_p$ class. 

We start by looking at averages along the integers weighted by the divisor function $d(n)$, and obtain a uniform, scale free $\ell^p$-improving estimate for $p \in (1,2)$. We also show that the associated maximal function satisfies $(p,p)$ sparse bounds for $p \in (1,2)$. We move on to study averages along primes in arithmetic progressions, and establish improving and maximal inequalities for these averages, that are uniform in the choice of progression. The uniformity over progressions imposes several novel elements on our approach. Lastly, we generalize our setting in the context of number fields, by considering averages over the Gaussian primes.

Finally, we explore the connections of our work to number theory:   Fix an interval $\omega \subset \mathbb{T}$. There is an integer $N_\omega $, so that every odd integer $n$ with $N(n)>N_\omega $ is a sum of three Gaussian primes with arguments in $\omega $.  This is the weak Goldbach conjecture. A density version of the strong Goldbach conjecture is proved, as well.


►Members of the committee:
· Michael Lacey (advisor)
· Chris Heil
· Ben Krause
· Doron Lubinsky
· Shahaf Nitzan