### TBA by Alexandre Perozim de Faveri

- Series
- Number Theory
- Time
- Wednesday, November 20, 2024 - 15:30 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
- Location
- Skiles 005
- Speaker
- Alexandre Perozim de Faveri – Stanford University – afaveri@stanford.edu

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- Series
- Number Theory
- Time
- Wednesday, November 20, 2024 - 15:30 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
- Location
- Skiles 005
- Speaker
- Alexandre Perozim de Faveri – Stanford University – afaveri@stanford.edu

- Series
- Number Theory
- Time
- Wednesday, November 13, 2024 - 15:30 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
- Location
- Skiles 005
- Speaker
- Fernando Xuancheng Shao – University of Kentucky – xuancheng.shao@uky.edu

For a positive integer , define to be the smallest number such that the additive energy of any subset and any is at most . In this talk, I will survey recent results on bounds for , explore the connections with (variants of) the Hausdorff-Young inequality in analysis and with the Balog-Szemeredi-Gowers theorem in additive combinatorics, and then discuss new results on the asymptotic behavior of as .

- Series
- Number Theory
- Time
- Wednesday, October 9, 2024 - 15:30 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
- Location
- Skiles 005
- Speaker
- Bryce Orloski – Penn State – bjo5149@psu.edu

A recent advance by Smith establishes a quantitative converse (conjectured by Smyth and Serre) to Fekete's celebrated theorem for compact subsets of $\mathbb{R}$. Answering a basic question raised by Smith, we formulate and prove a quantitative converse of Fekete for general symmetric compact subsets of $\mathbb{C}$. We highlight and exploit the algorithmic nature of our approach to give concrete applications to abelian varieties over finite fields and to extremal problems in algebraic number theory.

- Series
- Number Theory
- Time
- Wednesday, September 18, 2024 - 15:30 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
- Location
- Skiles 005
- Speaker
- Evan O'Dorney – Carnegie Mellon University – emo916math@gmail.com

Given a random polynomial f of degree n with integer coefficients each drawn uniformly and independently from an interval [-H, H], what is the probability that the Galois group of the roots of f is NOT the full symmetric group Sₙ? In 1936, van der Waerden conjectured that the answer should be of order 1/H, with the dominant contribution coming from f with a rational root. This conjecture was finally resolved by Bhargava in 2023. In this project (joint w/ Theresa Anderson), we ask the same question for reciprocal (a.k.a. palindromic) polynomials, which arise for instance as the characteristic polynomials of symplectic matrices. Using a suitably modified variant of the Fourier-analytic methods of Bhargava and others, we find that polynomials with non-generic Galois group appear with frequency O(log H/H) and, unlike in van der Waerden's setting, almost all of these polynomials are irreducible.

- Series
- Number Theory
- Time
- Wednesday, May 1, 2024 - 15:30 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
- Location
- Skiles 005
- Speaker
- Peter Humphries – University of Virginia – pclhumphries@gmail.com

A fundamental conjecture in number theory is the Riemann hypothesis, which implies the prime number theorem with an optimally strong error term. While a proof remains elusive, many results in number theory can nonetheless be proved using weaker inputs. I will discuss how one such weaker input, subconvexity, can be used to prove strong results on the equidistribution of geometric objects such as lattice points on the sphere. If time permits, I will also discuss how various proofs of subconvexity reduce to understanding period integrals of automorphic forms.

- Series
- Number Theory
- Time
- Wednesday, March 27, 2024 - 15:30 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
- Location
- Skiles 005
- Speaker
- Farbod Shokrieh – University of Washington, Seattle – farbod@uw.edu

I will describe some connections between arithmetic geometry of abelian varieties, non-archimedean/tropical geometry, and combinatorics. For example, we give formulas for (non-archimedean) canonical local heights in terms of tropical invariants. Our formula extends a classical computation of local height functions due to Tate (involving Bernoulli polynomials).

Based on ongoing work with Robin de Jong.

- Series
- Number Theory
- Time
- Wednesday, February 14, 2024 - 15:30 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
- Location
- Skiles 005
- Speaker
- Bella Tobin – Agnes Scott College – btobin@agnesscott.edu

Unicritical polynomials, typically written in the form $z^d+c$, have been widely studied in arithmetic and complex dynamics and are characterized by their one finite critical point. The behavior of a map's critical points under iteration often determines the dynamics of the entire map. Rational maps where the critical points have a finite forward orbit are called post-critically finite (PCF), and these are of great interest in arithmetic dynamics. They are viewed as a dynamical analogue of abelian varieties with complex multiplication and often display interesting dynamical behavior. The family of (single-cycle normalized) dynamical Belyi polynomials have two fixed critical points, so they are PCF by construction, and these maps provide a new testing ground for conjectures and ideas related to post-critically finite polynomials. Using this family, we can begin to explore properties of polynomial maps with two critical points. In this talk we will discuss applications of this family in arithmetic dynamics; in particular, how this family can be used to determine more general reduction properties of PCF polynomials.

- Series
- Number Theory
- Time
- Wednesday, December 13, 2023 - 15:30 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
- Location
- Skiles 006
- Speaker
- Vivian Kuperberg – ETH – vivian.kuperberg@math.ethz.ch

Abstract: In this talk, I will discuss new bounds on constrained sets of fractions. Specifically, I will discuss the answer to the following question, which arises in several areas of number theory: For an integer $k \ge 2$, consider the set of $k$-tuples of reduced fractions $\frac{a_1}{q_1}, \dots, \frac{a_k}{q_k} \in I$, where $I$ is an interval around $0$.

How many $k$-tuples are there with $\sum_i \frac{a_i}{q_i} \in \mathbb Z$?

When $k$ is even, the answer is well-known: the main contribution to the number of solutions comes from ``diagonal'' terms, where the fractions $\frac{a_i}{q_i}$ cancel in pairs. When $k$ is odd, the answer is much more mysterious! In ongoing work with Bloom, we prove a near-optimal upper bound on this problem when $k$ is odd. I will also discuss applications of this problem to estimating moments of the distributions of primes and reduced residues.

- Series
- Number Theory
- Time
- Wednesday, December 6, 2023 - 15:30 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
- Location
- Skiles 006
- Speaker
- Chantal David – Concordia University – chntl.david@gmail.com

A fundamental problem in analytic number theory is to calculate the maximal value of L-functions at a given point. For L-functions associated to quadratic Dirichlet characters at s = 1, the upper bounds and Ω-results of Littlewood differ by a factor of 2, and it is a long-standing (and still unsolved) problem to find out which one is closer to the truth. The important work of Granville and Soundararajan, who model the distribution of L(1, χ) by the distribution of random Euler products L(1, X) for random variables X(p) attached to each prime, shed more light to the question. We use similar techniques to study the distribution of L(1, χ) for cubic Dirichlet characters. Unlike the quadratic case, there is an asymmetry between lower and upper bounds for the cubic case, and small values are less probable than large values. This is a joint work with P. Darbar, M. Lalin and A. Lumley.

- Series
- Number Theory
- Time
- Wednesday, November 1, 2023 - 15:30 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
- Location
- Skiles 006
- Speaker
- Salim Tayou – Harvard University – tayou@math.harvard.edu

Given a Brauer class on a K3 surface over a number field, we prove that there exists infinitely many primes where the reduction of the Brauer class vanishes, under some mild assumptions. This answers a question of Frei--Hassett--Várilly-Alvarado. The proof uses Arakelov intersection theory on GSpin Shimura varieties. If time permits, I will explain some applications to rationality questions. The results in this talk are joint work with Davesh Maulik.