Seminars and Colloquia by Series

Small deviation estimates for norms of Gaussian vectors

Series
Analysis Seminar
Time
Wednesday, November 13, 2019 - 13:55 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Konstantin TikhomirovGeorgia Tech
Let |.| be a norm in R^n, and let G be the standard Gaussian vector.
We are interested in estimating from above the probabilities
P{|G|<(1-t)E|G|} in terms of t. For 1-unconditional norms
in the L-position, we prove small deviation estimates which match those for the
ell-infinity norm: in a sense, among all 1-unconditional norms in the L-position,
the left tail of |G| is the heaviest for ell-infinity. Results for general norms are also obtained.
The proof is based on an application of the hypercontractivity property combined with
certain transformations of the original norm.
Joint work with G.Paouris and P.Valettas.

Singular Brascamp-Lieb inequalities

Series
Analysis Seminar
Time
Wednesday, November 6, 2019 - 13:55 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Polona DurcikCaltech

Brascamp-Lieb inequalities are estimates for certain multilinear forms on functions on Euclidean spaces. They generalize several classical inequalities, such as Hoelder's inequality or Young's convolution inequality. In this talk we consider singular Brascamp-Lieb inequalities, which arise when one of the functions in the Brascamp-Lieb inequality is replaced by a singular integral kernel. Examples include multilinear singular integral forms such as paraproducts or the multilinear Hilbert transform. We survey some results in the area. 

 

Quantum graphs, convex bodies, and a century-old problem of Minkowski

Series
Analysis Seminar
Time
Wednesday, October 30, 2019 - 13:55 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Yair ShenfeldPrinceton University

That the ball minimizes surface area among all sets of fixed volume, was known since antiquity; this is equivalent to the fact that the ball is the unique set which yields equality in the isoperimetric inequality. But the isoperimetric inequality is only a very special case of quadratic inequalities about mixed volumes of convex bodies, whose equality cases were unknown since the time of Minkowski. This talk is about these quadratic inequalities and their unusual equality cases which we resolved using degenerate diffusions on the sphere. No background in geometry will be assumed. Joint work with Ramon van Handel.

Uncertainty principles and Schrodinger operators on fractals

Series
Analysis Seminar
Time
Wednesday, October 23, 2019 - 13:55 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Kasso OkoudjouUniversity of Maryland and M.I.T.

In the first part of this talk, I will give an overview of a theory of harmonic analysis on a class of fractals that includes the Sierpinski gasket. The starting point of the theory is the introduction by J. Kigami of a Laplacian operator on these fractals. After reviewing the construction of this fractal Laplacian, I will survey some of the properties of its spectrum. In the second part of the talk, I will discuss the fractal analogs of the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, and the spectral properties a class of  Schr\"odinger operators.  

A random walk through sub-riemanian geometry

Series
Analysis Seminar
Time
Wednesday, October 9, 2019 - 13:55 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Masha GordinaUniversity of Connecticut

A sub-Riemannian manifold M is a connected smooth manifold such that the only smooth curves in M which are admissible are those whose tangent vectors at any point are restricted to a particular subset of all possible tangent vectors.  Such spaces have several applications in physics and engineering, as well as in the study of hypo-elliptic operators.  We will  construct a random walk on M which converges to a process whose infinitesimal generator  is  one of the natural sub-elliptic  Laplacian  operators.  We will also describe these  Laplacians geometrically and discuss the difficulty of defining one which is canonical.   Examples will be provided.  This is a joint work with Tom Laetsch.

Variants of the Christ-Kiselev lemma and an application to the maximal Fourier restriction

Series
Analysis Seminar
Time
Wednesday, September 25, 2019 - 13:55 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Vjekoslav KovacUniversity of Zagreb

Back in the year 2000, Christ and Kiselev introduced a useful "maximal trick" in their study of spectral properties of Schro edinger operators.
The trick was completely abstract and only at the level of basic functional analysis and measure theory. Over the years it was reproven,
generalized, and reused by many authors. We will present its recent application in the theory of restriction of the Fourier transform to
surfaces in the Euclidean space.

A complex analytic approach to mixed spectral problems

Series
Analysis Seminar
Time
Wednesday, September 18, 2019 - 13:55 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Speaker
Burak HatinoğluTexas A&amp;M

This talk is about an application of complex function theory to inverse spectral problems for differential operators. We consider the Schroedinger operator on a finite interval with an L^1-potential. Borg's two spectra theorem says that the potential can be uniquely recovered from two spectra. By another classical result of Marchenko, the potential can be uniquely recovered from the spectral measure or Weyl m-function. After a brief review of inverse spectral theory of one dimensional regular Schroedinger operators, we will discuss complex analytic methods for the following problem: Can one spectrum together with subsets of another spectrum and norming constants recover the potential?

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