Seminars and Colloquia by Series

Mathapalooza!

Series
Other Talks
Time
Saturday, March 9, 2019 - 13:00 for 4 hours (half day)
Location
Ebster Recreation Center, Decatur
Speaker
Evans Harrell, Matt Baker, and GT Club Math, among othersGeorgia Tech, Emory, and others

Mathapalooza! is simultaneously a Julia Robinson Mathematics Festival and an event of the Atlanta Science Festival. There will be puzzles and games, a magic show by Matt Baker, mathematically themed courtroom skits by GT Club Math, a presentation about math and dance by Manuela Manetta, a presentation about math and music by David Borthwick, and a gallery of mathematical art curated by Elisabetta Matsumoto. It is free, and we anticipate engaging hundreds of members of the public in the wonders of mathematics. More info at https://mathematics-in-motion.org/about/Be there or B^2 !

ACO Director Interview Seminar by Prasad Tetali

Series
Other Talks
Time
Monday, February 25, 2019 - 14:15 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Prasad TetaliGeorgia Tech
Georgia Tech is leading the way in Creating the Next in higher education.In this talk I will present (1) My vision for ACO and (2) how my research relates naturally to ACO both where the A,C,O fields are going, and my own specific interests

AWM Lunch Talk Series - Anna Kirkpatrick: Markov Chain Monte Carlo and RNA Secondary Structure

Series
Other Talks
Time
Wednesday, February 20, 2019 - 12:00 for 30 minutes
Location
005
Speaker
Anna KirkpatrickGeorgia Tech
Understanding the structure of RNA is a problem of significant interest to biochemists. Thermodynamic energy functions are often key to this pursuit, but it is well-established that these energy functions do not perform well when applied to longer RNA sequences. This work specifically investigates the branching properties of RNA secondary structures, viewed as plane trees. By employing Markov chain Monte Carlo techniques, we sample from the probability distributions determined by these thermodynamic energy functions. We also investigate some of the challenges in employing Markov chain Monte Carlo, in particular the existence of local energy minima in transition graphs. This talk will give background, share preliminary results, and discuss future avenues of investigation.

CANCELLED - Control through canalization in modeling the innate immune response to ischemic injury - CANCELLED

Series
Other Talks
Time
Thursday, January 31, 2019 - 11:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Elena DimitrovaClemson University

Please Note: This is a SCMB MathBioSys Seminar posted on behalf of Melissa Kemp (GT BME)

Constriction of blood vessels in the extremities due to traumatic injury to halt excessive blood loss or resulting from pathologic occlusion can cause considerable damage to the surrounding tissues with significant morbidity and mortality. Optimal healing of damaged tissue relies on the precise balance of pro-inflammatory and pro-healing processes of innate inflammation. In this talk, we will present a discrete multiscale mathematical model that spans the tissue and intracellular scales, and captures the consequences of targeting various regulatory components. We take advantage of the canalization properties of some of the functions, which is a type of hierarchical clustering of the inputs, and use it as control to steer the system away from a faulty attractor and understand better the regulatory relations that govern the system dynamics.EDIT: CANCELLED

Classical mechanisms of recollision and high harmonic generation

Series
Other Talks
Time
Monday, December 3, 2018 - 15:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Howey N110
Speaker
Simon Berman Georgia Tech (Physics)
Thesis defense: Advisors: Turgay Uzer and Cristel Chandre Summary: Thirty years after the demonstration of the production of high laser harmonics through nonlinear laser-gas interaction, high harmonic generation (HHG) is being used to probe molecular dynamics in real time and is realizing its technological potential as a tabletop source of attosecond pulses in the XUV to soft X-ray range. Despite experimental progress, theoretical efforts have been stymied by the excessive computational cost of first-principles simulations and the difficulty of systematically deriving reduced models for the non-perturbative, multiscale interaction of an intense laser pulse with a macroscopic gas of atoms. In this thesis, we investigate first-principles reduced models for HHG using classical mechanics. On the microscopic level, we examine the recollision process---the laser-driven collision of an ionized electron with its parent ion---that drives HHG. Using nonlinear dynamics, we elucidate the indispensable role played by the ionic potential during recollisions in the strong-field limit. On the macroscopic level, we show that the intense laser-gas interaction can be cast as a classical field theory. Borrowing a technique from plasma physics, we systematically derive a hierarchy of reduced Hamiltonian models for the self-consistent interaction between the laser and the atoms during pulse propagation. The reduced models can accommodate either classical or quantum electron dynamics, and in both cases, simulations over experimentally-relevant propagation distances are feasible. We build a classical model based on these simulations which agrees quantitatively with the quantum model for the propagation of the dominant components of the laser field. Subsequently, we use the classical model to trace the coherent buildup of harmonic radiation to its origin in phase space. In a simplified geometry, we show that the anomalously high frequency radiation seen in simulations results from the delicate interplay between electron trapping and higher energy recollisions brought on by propagation effects.

Approximation of Generic Hamiltonian Systems by Those with a Finite Number of Islands

Series
Other Talks
Time
Thursday, November 29, 2018 - 09:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles, Room 114
Speaker
Hassan AttarchiGeorgia Institute of Technology

Please Note: Oral Comprehensive Exam

The purpose of this work is approximation of generic Hamiltonian dynamical systems by those with a finite number of islands. In this work, we will consider a Lemon billiard as our Hamiltonian dynamical system apparently with an infinitely many islands. Then, we try to construct a Hamiltonian dynamical system by deforming the boundary of our lemon billiard to have a finite number of islands which are the same or sub-islands of our original system. Moreover, we want to show elsewhere in the phase space of the constructed billiard is a chaotic sea. In this way, we will have a dynamical system which preserves some properties of our lemon billiards while it has much simpler structure.

Scaling down the laws of thermodynamics

Series
Other Talks
Time
Wednesday, November 14, 2018 - 04:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Molecular Science and Engineering Building, Classroom G011
Speaker
Christopher JarzynskiDirector, Institute for Physical Science and Technology University of Maryland
Thermodynamics provides a robust conceptual framework and set of laws that govern the exchange of energy and matter. Although these laws were originally articulated for macroscopic objects, it is hard to deny that nanoscale systems, as well, often exhibit “thermodynamic-like” behavior. To what extent can the venerable laws of thermodynamics be scaled down to apply to individual microscopic systems, and what new features emerge at the nanoscale? I will review recent progress toward answering these questions, with a focus on the second law of thermodynamics. I will argue that the inequalities ordinarily used to express the second law can be replaced by stronger equalities, known as fluctuation relations, which relate equilibrium properties to far-from-equilibrium fluctuations. The discovery and experimental validation of these relations has stimulated interest in the feedback control of small systems, the closely related Maxwell demon paradox, and the interpretation of the thermodynamic arrow of time. These developments have led to new tools for the analysis of non-equilibrium experiments and simulations, and they have refined our understanding of irreversibility and the second law. Bio Chris Jarzynski received an AB degree in physics from Princeton University in 1987, and a PhD in physics from the University of California, Berkeley in 1994. After postdoctoral positions at the University of Washington in Seattle and at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, he became a staff member in the Theoretical Division at Los Alamos. In 2006, he moved to the University of Maryland, College Park, where he is now a Distinguished University Professor in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, with joint appointments in the Institute for Physical Science and Technology and the Department of Physics. His research is primarily in the area of nonequilibrium statistical physics, where he has contributed to an understanding of how the laws of thermodynamics apply to nanoscale systems. He has been the recipient of a Fulbright Fellowship, the 2005 Sackler Prize in the Physical Sciences, and the 2019 Lars Onsager Prize in Theoretical Statistical Physics. He is a Fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Contact: Professor Jennifer Curtis Email: jennifer.curtis@physics.gatech.edu

The extremal function for $K_p$ minors

Series
Other Talks
Time
Tuesday, November 6, 2018 - 12:30 for 30 minutes
Location
Skiles 006
Speaker
Dantong ZhuGeorgia Tech

Please Note: This talk is organized by the Association for Women in Math (AWM). Everyone is welcome to attend.

In 1968, Mader showed that for every integer $p = 1, 2, …, 7$, agraph on $n \geq p$ vertices and at least $(p-2)n - \binom{p-1}{2} + 1$ edgeshas a $K_p$ minor. However, this result is false for $p = 8$ with the counter-example K2,2,2,2,2. In this talk, we will discuss this function presented byMader for $K_p$ where $p$ is bigger. We will also discuss related resultsproved using probabilistic methods and the relation of this problem toHadwiger’s conjecture.

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