Monday, June 27, 2016 - 11:05 , Location: Skiles 005 , Luke Oeding , Auburn University , Organizer: Anton Leykin
In Multiview Geometry, a field of Computer Vision one is interested in reconstructing 3-dimensional scenes from 2-dimensional images. I will review the basic concepts in this area from an algebraic viewpoint, in particular I'll discuss epipolar geometry, fundamental matrices, and trifocal and quadrifocal tensors. I'll also highlight some in open problems about the algebraic geometry that arise.This will be an introductory talk, and only a background in basic linear algebra should be necessary to follow.
Monday, June 20, 2016 - 11:05 , Location: Skiles 005 , Robert Krone , Queen's University , Organizer: Anton Leykin
The Macaulay dual space offers information about a polynomial ideal localized at a point such as initial ideal and values of the Hilbertfunction, and can be computed with linear algebra. Unlike Gr\"obner basis methods, it is compatible with floating point arithmetic making it anatural fit for the toolbox of numerical algebraic geometry. I willpresent an algorithm using the Macaulay dual space for computing theregularity index of the local Hilbert function.
Monday, June 13, 2016 - 11:05 , Location: Skiles 005 , Anders Jensen , TU-Kaiserslautern / Aarhus University , Organizer: Anton Leykin
Deciding if a polynomial ideal contains monomials is a problem which can be solved by standard Gr\"obner basis techniques. Deciding if a polynomial ideal contains binomials is more complicated. We show how the general case can be reduced to the case of a zero-dimensional ideals using projections and stable intersections in tropical geometry. In the case of rational coefficients the zero-dimensional problem can then be solved with Ge's algorithm relying on the LLL lattice basis reduction algorithm. In case binomials exists, one will be computed.This is joint work with Thomas Kahle and Lukas Katthän.
Tuesday, May 31, 2016 - 11:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Elizabeth Gross , San Jose State University , Organizer: Anton Leykin
Systems biology focuses on modeling complex biological systems, such as metabolic and cell signaling networks. These biological networks are modeled with polynomial dynamical systems. Analyzing these systems at steady-state results in algebraic varieties that live in high-dimensional spaces. By understanding these varieties, we can provide insight into the behavior of the models. Furthermore, this algebro-geometric framework yields techniques for model selection and parameter estimation that can circumvent challenges such as limited or noisy data. In this talk, we will introduce biochemical reaction networks and their resulting steady-state varieties. In addition, we will discuss the questions asked by modelers and their corresponding geometric interpretation, particularly in regards to model selection and parameter estimation.
Monday, April 4, 2016 - 15:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Alperen Ergur , Texas A&M , Organizer: Greg Blekherman
We define a variant of tropical varieties for exponential sums. These polyhedral complexes can be used to approximate, within an explicit distance bound, the real parts of complex zeroes of exponential sums. We also discuss the algorithmic efficiency of tropical varieties in relation to the computational hardness of algebraic sets. This is joint work with Maurice Rojas and Grigoris Paouris.
Monday, March 28, 2016 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Keerthi Madapusi Pera , University of Chicago , email@example.com , Organizer:
In the 90s, generalizing the classical Chowla-Selberg formula, P. Colmez formulated a conjectural formula for the Faltings heights of abelian varieties with multiplication by the ring of integers in a CM field, which expresses them in terms of logarithmic derivatives at 1 of certain Artin L-functions. Using ideas of Gross, he also proved his conjecture for abelian CM extensions. In this talk, I will explain a proof of Colmez's conjecture in the average for an arbitrary CM field. This is joint work with F. Andreatta, E. Goren and B. Howard.
Monday, March 14, 2016 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Rohini Ramadas , University of Michigan , Organizer: Josephine Yu
Hurwitz correspondences are certain multivalued self-maps of the moduli space M0,N parametrizing marked genus zero curves. We study the dynamics of these correspondences via numerical invariants called dynamical degrees. We compare a given Hurwitz correspondence H on various compactifications of M0,N to show that, for k ≥ ( dim M0,N )/2, the k-th dynamical degree of H is the largest eigenvalue of the pushforward map induced by H on a comparatively small quotient of H2k(M0,N). We also show that this is the optimal result of this form.
Monday, March 7, 2016 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Nathan Pflueger , Brown University , Organizer: Matt Baker
Monday, February 22, 2016 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , Daniel Plaumann , Universität Konstanz , Daniel.Plaumann@uni-konstanz.de , Organizer: Josephine Yu
We study compactifications of real semi-algebraic sets that arise from embeddings into complete toric varieties. This makes it possible to describe the asymptotic growth of polynomial functions on such sets in terms of combinatorial data. We discuss the phenomena that arise in examples along with some applications to positive polynomials. (Joint work with Claus Scheiderer)