Friday, April 10, 2009 - 15:00 , Location: Skiles 269 , Thang Le , School of Mathematics, Georgia Tech , Organizer: John Etnyre
These are two hour talks.
We will develop general theory of quantum invariants based on sl_2 (the simplest Lie algebra): The Jones polynomials, the colored Jones polynomials, quantum sl_2 groups, operator invariants of tangles, and relations with the Alexander polynomial and the A-polynomials. Optional: Finite type invariants and the Kontsevich integral.
Series: SIAM Student Seminar
Linear algebra method is a very useful method in combinatorics. Lovas Theorem (a very deep theorem about perfect graph) is proved by using this way. The idea is, if we want to come up with an upper bound on the size of a set of objects, associate them with elements in a vector space V of relatively low dimension, and show that these elements are linearly independent. Then we cannot have more objects in our set than the dimension of V. We will show we can use this way to solve some combinatorics problem, such as odd town problem and two-distance sets problem.
Series: Stochastics Seminar
The Cameron-Martin theorem is one of the cornerstones of stochastic analysis. It asserts that the shifts of the Wiener measure along certain flows are equivalent. Driver and others have shown that this theorem, after an appropriate reformulation, can be extension to the Wiener measure on the path space over a compact Riemannian manifold. In this talk we will discuss this and other extensions of the Cameron-Martin theorem and show that it in fact holds for an arbitrary complete Riemannian manifold.
Series: Dissertation Defense
Series: ACO Student Seminar
This short introduction to the principles of Quantum Computation will give hints upon why quantum computers, if they are built, will revolutionize the realm of information technology. If Physicists and Engineers can produce such machines, all the security protocoles used today will become obsolete and complex computations called NP will become easy. From the example of trapped ion computation, the talk will explain how Quantum Mechanics helps encoding information. The notion of quantum gate, the elementary brick of computation, will be introduced and some example of elementary program will be described. Comments about the Fourier transformalgorithm, its potential speed and its application to code breaking will end this talk.
Series: Research Horizons Seminar
This talk will be a continuation of the one I gave in this Seminar on March~11. I will present a brief introduction to use partial differential equations (PDE) and variational techniques (including techniques developed in computational fluid dynamics (CFD)) into wavelet transforms and Applications in Image Processing. Two different approaches are used as examples. One is PDE and variational frameworks for image reconstruction. The other one is an adaptive ENO wavelet transform designed by using ideas from Essentially Non-Oscillatory (ENO) schemes for numerical shock capturing.
Wednesday, April 8, 2009 - 11:00 , Location: Skiles 255 , Shandelle Henson , Andrews University , Organizer:
Oscillator synchrony can occur through environmental forcing or as a phenomenon of spontaneous self-organization in which interacting oscillators adjust phase or period and begin to cycle together. Examples of spontaneous synchrony have been documented in a wide variety of electrical, mechanical, chemical, and biological systems, including the menstrual cycles of women. Many colonial birds breed approximately synchronously within a time window set by photoperiod. Some studies have suggested that heightened social stimulation in denser colonies can lead to a tightened annual reproductive pulse (the “Fraser Darling effect”). It has been unknown, however, whether avian ovulation cycles can synchronize on a daily timescale within the annual breeding pulse. We will discuss socially-stimulated egg-laying synchrony in a breeding colony of glaucous-winged gulls using Monte Carlo analysis and a discrete-time dynamical system model.
Series: Analysis Seminar
Solutions of the simplest of the Painleve equations, PI, y'' = 6y^2+x, exhibit surprisingly rich asymptotic properties as x is large. Using the Riemann-Hilbert problem approach, we find an exponentially small addition to an algebraically large background admitting a power series asymptotic expansion and explain how this "beyond of all orders" term helps us to compute the coefficient asymptotics in the preceding series.
Global Weak Solutions for an Incompressible Charged Fluid with Multi-Scale Couplings - Initial-Boundary Value Problem
Series: PDE Seminar
The Cauchy problem for the Poisson-Nernst-Planck/Navier-Stokes model was investigated by the speaker in [Transport Theory Statist. Phys. 31 (2002), 333-366], where a local existence-uniqueness theory was demonstrated, based upon Kato's framework for examining evolution equations. In this talk, the existence of a global distribution solution is proved to hold for the model, in the case of the initial-boundary value problem. Connection of the above analysis to significant applications is discussed. The solution obtained is quite rudimentary, and further progress would be expected in resolving issues of regularity.
Series: Combinatorics Seminar
The entropy function has a number of nice properties that make it a useful counting tool, especially when one wants to bound a set with respect to the set's projections. In this talk, I will show a method developed by Mokshay Madiman, Prasad Tetali, and myself that builds on the work of Gyarmati, Matolcsi and Ruzsa as well as the work of Ballister and Bollobas. The goal will be to give a black-box method for generating projection bounds and to show some applications by giving new bounds on the sizes of Abelian and non-Abelian sumsets.