Seminars and Colloquia Schedule

Monday, January 28, 2019 - 12:50 , Location: Skiles 005 , Jackson Morrow , Emory university , , Organizer: Padmavathi Srinivasan
The conjectures of Green—Griffths—Lang predict the precise interplay between different notions of hyperbolicity: Brody hyperbolic, arithmetically hyperbolic, Kobayashi hyperbolic, algebraically hyperbolic, groupless, and more. In his thesis (1993), W.~Cherry defined a notion of non-Archimedean hyperbolicity; however, his definition does not seem to be the ``’correct’ version, as it does not mirror complex hyperbolicity.  In recent work, A.~Javanpeykar and A.~Vezzani introduced a new non-Archimedean notion of hyperbolicity, which ameliorates this issue, and also stated a non-Archimedean variant of the Green—Griffths—Lang conjecture.  In this talk, I will discuss complex and non-Archimedean notions of hyperbolicity as well as some recent progress on the non-Archimedean Green—Griffths—Lang conjecture. This is joint work with Ariyan Javanpeykar (Mainz) and Alberto Vezzani (Paris 13).
Monday, January 28, 2019 - 14:30 , Location: Boyd , Eylem Yildiz , Michigan State University , Organizer: Caitlin Leverson
I will discuss knot concordances in 3-manifolds. In particular I will talk about knot concordances of knots in the free homotopy class of S^1 x {pt} in S^1 x S^2. It turns out, we can use some of these concordances to construct Akbulut-Ruberman type exotic 4-manifolds. As a consequence, at the end of the talk we will see absolutely exotic Stein pair of 4-manifolds. This is joint work with Selman Akbulut. 
Monday, January 28, 2019 - 16:00 , Location: Boyd , Ian Zemke , Princeton University , Organizer: Caitlin Leverson
In this talk, we describe some applications of link Floer homology to the topology of surfaces in 4-space. If K is a knot in S^3, we will consider the set of surfaces in B^4 which bound K. This space is naturally endowed with a plethora of non-Euclidean metrics and pseudo-metrics. The simplest such metric is the stabilization distance, which is the minimum k such that there is a stabilization sequence connecting two surfaces such that no surface in the sequence has genus greater than k. We will talk about how link Floer homology can be used to give lower bounds, as well as some techniques for computing non-trivial examples. This is joint work with Andras Juhasz.
Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 11:00 , Location: Skiles 005 , Andreas Handel , UGA , , Organizer: Howie Weiss
  Vaccination is an effective method to protect against infectious diseases. An important consideration in any vaccine formulation is the inoculum dose, i.e., amount of antigen or live attenuated pathogen that is used. Higher levels generally lead to better stimulation of the immune response but might cause more severe side effects and allow for less population coverage in the presence of vaccine shortages. Determining the optimal amount of inoculum dose is an important component of rational vaccine design. A combination of mathematical models with experimental data can help determine the impact of the inoculum dose. We designed mathematical models and fit them to data from influenza A virus (IAV) infection of mice and human parainfluenza virus (HPIV) of cotton rats at different inoculum doses. We used the model to predict the level of immune protection and morbidity for different inoculum doses and to explore what an optimal inoculum dose might be. We show how a framework that combines mathematical models with experimental data can be used to study the impact of inoculum dose on important outcomes such as immune protection and morbidity. We find that the impact of inoculum dose on immune protection and morbidity depends on the pathogen and both protection and morbidity do not always increase with increasing inoculum dose. An intermediate inoculum dose can provide the best balance between immune protection and morbidity, though this depends on the specific weighting of protection and morbidity. Once vaccine design goals are specified with required levels of protection and acceptable levels of morbidity, our proposed framework which combines data and models can help in the rational design of vaccines and determination of the optimal amount of inoculum.  
Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 13:55 , Location: Skiles 005 , Alex Iosevich , University of Rochester , , Organizer: Galyna Livshyts
We are going to discuss some recent results pertaining to the Falconer distance conjecture, including the joint paper with Guth, Ou and Wang establishing the $\frac{5}{4}$ threshold in the plane. We are also going to discuss the extent to which the sharpness of our method and similar results is tied to the distribution of lattice points on convex curves and surfaces. 
Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Surena Hozoori , Georgia Institute of Technology , , Organizer: Surena Hozoori
In this series of (3-5) lectures, I will talk about different aspects of a class of contact 3-manifolds for which geometry, dynamics and topology interact subtly and beautifully. The talks are intended to include short surveys on "compatibility", "Anosovity" and "Conley-Zehnder indices". The goal is to use the theory of Contact Dynamics to show that conformally Anosov contact 3-manifolds (in particular, contact 3-manifolds with negative α-sectional curvature) are universally tight, irrducible and do not admit a Liouville cobordism to tight 3-sphere.
Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 15:00 , Location: Skiles. 006 , Alex Iosevich , University of Rochester , , Organizer: Galyna Livshyts
We shall survey a variety of results, some recent, some going back a long time, where combinatorial methods are used to prove or disprove the existence of orthogonal exponential bases and Gabor bases. The classical Erdos distance problem and the Erdos Integer Distance Principle play a key role in our discussion. 
Series: Other Talks
Thursday, January 31, 2019 - 11:00 , Location: Skiles 005 , Elena Dimitrova , Clemson University ,

This is a SCMB MathBioSys Seminar posted on behalf of Melissa Kemp (GT BME)

Constriction of blood vessels in the extremities due to traumatic injury to halt excessive blood loss or resulting from pathologic occlusion can cause considerable damage to the surrounding tissues with significant morbidity and mortality. Optimal healing of damaged tissue relies on the precise balance of pro-inflammatory and pro-healing processes of innate inflammation. In this talk, we will present a discrete multiscale mathematical model that spans the tissue and intracellular scales, and captures the consequences of targeting various regulatory components. We take advantage of the canalization properties of some of the functions, which is a type of hierarchical clustering of the inputs, and use it as control to steer the system away from a faulty attractor and understand better the regulatory relations that govern the system dynamics.EDIT: CANCELLED 
Thursday, January 31, 2019 - 11:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Javier Gómez-Serrano , Princeton University , , Organizer: Yao Yao
There has been high scientific interest to understand the behavior of the surface quasi-geostrophic (SQG) equation because it is a possible model to explain the formation of fronts of hot and cold air and because it also exhibits analogies with the 3D incompressible Euler equations. It is not known at this moment if this equation can produce singularities or if solutions exist globally. In this talk I will discuss some recent works on the existence of global solutions.
Thursday, January 31, 2019 - 13:30 , Location: Skiles 006 , Daniel Minahan , Georgia Tech , Organizer: Trevor Gunn
We will finish chapter 7 of Eisenbud and Harris, 3264 and All That.Topics: Inflection points of curves in P^r, nets of plane curves, the topological Hurwitz formula.
Thursday, January 31, 2019 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 006 , V. Koltchinskii , SOM, GaTech , Organizer: Christian Houdre
We discuss a problem of asymptotically efficient (that is, asymptotically normal with minimax optimal limit variance) estimation of functionals of the form $\langle f(\Sigma), B\rangle$ of unknown covariance $\Sigma$ based on i.i.d.mean zero Gaussian observations $X_1,\dots, X_n\in {\mathbb R}^d$ with covariance $\Sigma$. Under the assumptions that the dimension $d\leq n^{\alpha}$ for some $\alpha\in (0,1)$ and $f:{\mathbb R}\mapsto {\mathbb R}$ is of smoothness $s>\frac{1}{1-\alpha},$ we show how to construct an asymptotically efficient estimator of such functionals (the smoothness threshold $\frac{1}{1-\alpha}$ is known to be optimal for a simpler problem of estimation of smooth functionals of unknown mean of normal distribution). The proof of this result relies on a variety of probabilistic and analytic tools including Gaussian concentration, bounds on the remainders of Taylor expansions of operator functions and bounds on finite differences of smooth functions along certain Markov chains in the spaces of positively semi-definite matrices.
Friday, February 1, 2019 - 12:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Tianyi Zhang , Georgia Tech , Organizer: Trevor Gunn
Friday, February 1, 2019 - 13:05 , Location: Groseclose 402 , Nisheeth Vishnoi , CS, Yale University , , Organizer: He Guo
(The talk will be at 1-2pm, then it follows by a discussion session from 2 pm to 2:45 pm.)Powerful AI systems, which are driven by machine learning, are increasingly controlling various aspects of modern society: from social interactions (e.g., Facebook, Twitter, Google, YouTube), economics (e.g., Uber, Airbnb, Banking), learning (e.g., Wikipedia, MOOCs), governance (Judgements, Policing, Voting), to autonomous vehicles and weapons. These systems have a tremendous potential to change our lives for the better, but, via the ability to mimic and nudge human behavior, they also have the potential to be discriminatory, reinforce societal prejudices, and polarize opinions. Moreover, recent studies have demonstrated that these systems can be quite brittle and generally lack the required robustness to be deployed in various civil/military situations. The reason being that considerations such as fairness, robustness, stability, explainability, accountability etc. have largely been an afterthought in the development of AI systems. In this talk, I will discuss the opportunities that lie ahead in a principled and thoughtful development of AI systems. Bio Nisheeth Vishnoi is a Professor of Computer Science at Yale University. He received a B.Tech in Computer Science and Engineering from IIT Bombay in 1999 and a Ph.D. in Algorithms, Combinatorics and Optimization from Georgia Tech in 2004. His research spans several areas of theoretical computer science: from approximability of NP-hard problems, to combinatorial, convex and non-convex optimization, to tackling algorithmic questions involving dynamical systems, stochastic processes and polynomials. He is also broadly interested in understanding and addressing some of the key questions that arise in nature and society from the viewpoint of theoretical computer science. Here, his current focus is on natural algorithms, emergence of intelligence, and questions at the interface of AI, ethics, and society. He was the recipient of the Best Paper Award at FOCS in 2005, the IBM Research Pat Goldberg Memorial Award in 2006, the Indian National Science Academy Young Scientist Award in 2011, and the IIT Bombay Young Alumni Achievers Award in 2016.
Friday, February 1, 2019 - 14:00 , Location: Skiles 006 , Bin Sun , Vanderbilt , Organizer: Dan Margalit
The notion of an acylindrically hyperbolic group was introduced by Osin as a generalization of non-elementary hyperbolic and relative hyperbolic groups. Ex- amples of acylindrically hyperbolic groups can be found in mapping class groups, outer automorphism groups of free groups, 3-manifold groups, etc. Interesting properties of acylindrically hyperbolic groups can be proved by applying techniques such as Monod-Shalom rigidity theory, group theoretic Dehn filling, and small cancellation theory. We have recently shown that non-elementary convergence groups are acylindrically hyperbolic. This result opens the door for applications of the theory of acylindrically hyperbolic groups to non-elementary convergence groups. In addition, we recovered a result of Yang which says a finitely generated group whose Floyd boundary has at least 3 points is acylindrically hyperbolic.
Friday, February 1, 2019 - 15:05 , Location: Skiles 246 , Joan Gimeno , BGSMath-UB , Organizer: Jiaqi Yang
A real Taylor-Fourier expression is a Taylor expression whose coefficients are real Fourier series. In this talk we will discuss different numerical methods to compute the composition of two Taylor-Fourier expressions. To this end, we will show some possible implementations and we are going to discuss and show some results in performance. In particular, we are going to cover how the compositon of two Fourier series can be perfomed in logarithmic complexity.