Seminars and Colloquia by Series

Joint UGA/Tech Topology Seminar at UGA: A generalization of Rasmussen’s invariant, with applications to surfaces in some four-manifolds

Series
Geometry Topology Seminar
Time
Monday, November 18, 2019 - 16:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Boyd 303
Speaker
Marco MarengonUCLA

Building on previous work of Rozansky and Willis, we generalise Rasmussen’s s-invariant to connected sums of $S^1 \times S^2$. Such an invariant can be computed by approximating the Khovanov-Lee complex of a link in $\#^r S^1 \times S^2$ with that of appropriate links in $S^3$. We use the approximation result to compute the s-invariant of a family of links in $S^3$ which seems otherwise inaccessible, and use this computation to deduce an adjunction inequality for null-homologous surfaces in a (punctured) connected sum of $\bar{CP^2}$. This inequality has several consequences: first, the s-invariant of a knot in the three-sphere does not increase under the operation of adding a null-homologous full twist. Second, the s-invariant cannot be used to distinguish $S^4$ from homotopy 4-spheres obtained by Gluck twist on $S^4$. We also prove a connected sum formula for the s-invariant, improving a previous result of Beliakova and Wehrli. We define two s-invariants for links in $\#^r S^1 \times S^2$. One of them gives a lower bound to the slice genus in $\natural^r S^1 \times B^3$ and the other one to the slice genus in $\natural^r D^2 \times S^2$ . Lastly, we give a combinatorial proof of the slice Bennequin inequality in $\#^r S^1 \times S^2$.

Freezing of the optical-branch energy in a diatomic nonlinear chain

Series
Math Physics Seminar
Time
Monday, November 18, 2019 - 16:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Alberto MaiocchiUniversita di Padova

We show that the dynamics of nonlinear dynamical systems with many degrees of freedom (possibly infinitely many) can be similar to that of ordered system in a surprising fashion. To this aim, in the literature one typically uses techniques from perturbation theory, such as KAM theorem or Nekhoroshev theorem. Unfortunately they are known to be ill-suited for obtaining results in the case of many degrees of freedom. We present here a probabilistic approach, in which we focus on some observables of physical interest (obtained by averaging on the probability distribution on initial data) and for several models we get results of stability on long times similar to Nekhoroshev estimates. We present the example of a nonlinear chain of particles with alternating masses, an hyper-simplified model of diatomic solid. In this case, which is similar to the celebrated Fermi-Pasta-Ulam model and is widely studied in the literature, we show the progress with respect to previous results, and in particular how the present approach permits to obtain theorems valid in the thermodynamic limit, as this is of great relevance for physical implications.

Surfaces and their Symmetries

Series
Undergraduate Seminar
Time
Monday, November 18, 2019 - 15:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 171
Speaker
Justin LanierGeorgia Tech

Surfaces are some of the most basic examples of spaces. Although topologists have studied surfaces for a long time, they continue to fascinate. I'll give an overview of the study of surfaces over the past 150 years by highlighting work of seven mathematicians. We'll discuss the classification of surfaces, and we'll also discuss mapping class groups, which are collections of symmetries of surfaces. I'll also give the flavor of four of my own research projects about surfaces, one for each of four broad mathematical areas: group theory, geometry, topology, and dynamics.

Joint UGA/Tech Topology Seminar at UGA: Concordance invariants from branched coverings and Heegaard Floer homology

Series
Geometry Topology Seminar
Time
Monday, November 18, 2019 - 14:30 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Boyd 221
Speaker
Antonio AlfieriUBC

I will outline the construction of some knot concordance invariants based on the Heegaard Floer homology of double branched coverings. The construction builds on some ideas developed by Hendricks, Manolescu, Hom and Lidman. This is joint work with Andras Stipsicz, and Sungkyung Kang.

Structure-preserving low multilinear rank approximation of antisymmetric tensors

Series
Applied and Computational Mathematics Seminar
Time
Monday, November 18, 2019 - 13:55 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Erna Begovic KovacGT Math

The talk is concerned with low multilinear rank approximations to antisymmetric tensors, that is, multivariate arrays for which the entries change sign when permuting pairs of indices. Such tensors play a major role in quantum chemistry. We show which ranks can be attained by an antisymmetric tensor and discuss the adaption of existing approximation algorithms to preserve antisymmetry, most notably a Jacobi-type algorithm. Particular attention is paid to the special case when choosing the rank equal to the order of the tensor. It is shown that this case can be addressed with an unstructured rank-1 approximation. This allows for the straightforward application of the higher-order power method, for which we discuss effective initialization strategies. This is a joint work with Daniel Kressner (EPFL).

Higher connectivity of the Bergman fan

Series
Student Algebraic Geometry Seminar
Time
Monday, November 18, 2019 - 13:30 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 254
Speaker
Kisun LeeGeorgia Tech

The Bergman fan is a tropical linear space with trivial valuations describing a matroid combinatorially as it corresponds to a matroid. In this talk, based on a plenty of examples, we study the definition of the Bergman fan and their subdivisions. The talk will be closed with the recent result of the Maclagan-Yu's paper (https://arxiv.org/abs/1908.05988) that the fine subdivision of the Bergman fan of any matroid is r-1 connected where r is the rank of the matroid.

Ergodic properties of low complexity symbolic systems

Series
CDSNS Colloquium
Time
Monday, November 18, 2019 - 11:15 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skyles 005
Speaker
van.cyr@bucknell.eduBucknell University

The topological entropy of a subshift is the exponential growth rate of the number of words of different lengths in its language. For subshifts of entropy zero, finer growth invariants constrain their dynamical properties. In this talk we will survey how the complexity of a subshift affects properties of the ergodic measures it carries. In particular, we will see some recent results (joint with B. Kra) relating the word complexity of a subshift to its set of ergodic measures as well as some applications.

On a class of sums with unexpectedly high cancellation, and its applications

Series
Combinatorics Seminar
Time
Friday, November 15, 2019 - 15:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Hamed MousaviGeorgia Tech

We report on the discovery of a general principle leading to the unexpected cancellation of oscillating sums. It turns out that sums in the
class we consider are much smaller than would be predicted by certain probabilistic heuristics. After stating the motivation, and our theorem,
we apply it to prove a number of results on integer partitions, the distribution of prime numbers, and the Prouhet-Tarry-Escott Problem. For example, we prove a "Pentagonal Number Theorem for the Primes", which counts the number of primes (with von Mangoldt weight) in a set of intervals very precisely. In fact the result is  stronger than one would get using a strong form of the Prime Number Theorem and also the Riemann Hypothesis (where one naively estimates the \Psi function on each of the intervals; however, a less naive argument can give an improvement), since the widths of the intervals are smaller than \sqrt{x}, making the Riemann Hypothesis estimate "trivial".

Based on joint work with Ernie Croot.

Faster Width-dependent Algorithm for Mixed Packing and Covering LPs

Series
ACO Student Seminar
Time
Friday, November 15, 2019 - 13:05 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 005
Speaker
Digvijay BoobISyE, Georgia Tech

In this talk, we provide the details of our faster width-dependent algorithm for mixed packing-covering LPs. Mixed packing-covering LPs are fundamental to combinatorial optimization in computer science and operations research. Our algorithm finds a $1+\eps$ approximate solution in time $O(Nw/ \varepsilon)$, where $N$ is number of nonzero entries in the constraint matrix, and $w$ is the maximum number of nonzeros in any constraint. This algorithm is faster than Nesterov's smoothing algorithm which requires $O(N\sqrt{n}w/ \eps)$ time, where $n$ is the dimension of the problem. Our work utilizes the framework of area convexity introduced in [Sherman-FOCS’17] to obtain the best dependence on $\varepsilon$ while breaking the infamous $\ell_{\infty}$ barrier to eliminate the factor of $\sqrt{n}$. The current best width-independent algorithm for this problem runs in time $O(N/\eps^2)$ [Young-arXiv-14] and hence has worse running time dependence on $\varepsilon$. Many real life instances of mixed packing-covering problems exhibit small width and for such cases, our algorithm can report higher precision results when compared to width-independent algorithms. As a special case of our result, we report a $1+\varepsilon$ approximation algorithm for the densest subgraph problem which runs in time $O(md/ \varepsilon)$, where $m$ is the number of edges in the graph and $d$ is the maximum graph degree.

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