Seminars and Colloquia by Series

Large N duality and integrable systems

Series
Geometry Topology Seminar
Time
Friday, October 3, 2008 - 14:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 269
Speaker
Tony PantevDept of Mathematics, University of Penn
I will describe a framework which relates large N duality to the geometry of degenerating Calabi-Yau spaces and the Hitchin integrable system. I will give a geometric interpretation of the Dijkgraaf-Vafa large N quantization procedure in this context.

Perfect simulation of Matern Type III point processes

Series
Stochastics Seminar
Time
Thursday, October 2, 2008 - 15:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 269
Speaker
Mark HuberDepartments of Mathematics and Statistical Sciences, Duke University
Spatial data are often more dispersed than would be expected if the points were independently placed. Such data can be modeled with repulsive point processes, where the points appear as if they are repelling one another. Various models have been created to deal with this phenomenon. Matern created three algorithms that generate repulsive processes. Here, Matérn Type III processes are used to approximate the likelihood and posterior values for data. Perfect simulation methods are used to draw auxiliary variables for each spatial point that are part of the type III process.

Geometry and Topology in Fluid Mechanics

Series
School of Mathematics Colloquium
Time
Thursday, October 2, 2008 - 11:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 269
Speaker
John EtnyreSchool of Mathematics, Georgia Tech
Describe the trajectories of particles floating in a liquid. This is a surprisingly difficult problem and attempts to understand it have involved many diverse techniques. In the 60's Arold, Marsden, Ebin and others began to introduce topological techniques into the study of fluid flows. In this talk we will discuss some of these ideas and see how they naturally lead to the introduction of contact geometry into the study of fluid flows. We then consider some of the results one can obtain from this contact geometry perspective. For example we will show that for a sufficiently smooth steady ideal fluid flowing in the three sphere there is always some particle whose trajectory is a closed loop that bounds an embedded disk, and that (generically) certain steady Euler flows are (linearly) unstable.

Geometry and Topology in Fluid Mechanics

Series
School of Mathematics Colloquium
Time
Thursday, October 2, 2008 - 11:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 269
Speaker
John EtnyreSchool of Mathematics, Georgia Tech
Describe the trajectories of particles floating in a liquid. This is a surprisingly difficult problem and attempts to understand it have involved many diverse techniques. In the 60's Arold, Marsden, Ebin and others began to introduce topological techniques into the study of fluid flows. In this talk we will discuss some of these ideas and see how they naturally lead to the introduction of contact geometry into the study of fluid flows. We then consider some of the results one can obtain from this contact geometry perspective. For example we will show that for a sufficiently smooth steady ideal fluid flowing in the three sphere there is always some particle whose trajectory is a closed loop that bounds an embedded disk, and that (generically) certain steady Euler flows are (linearly) unstable.

A Friendly Introduction to Constraint Programming

Series
ACO Student Seminar
Time
Wednesday, October 1, 2008 - 13:30 for 2 hours
Location
ISyE Executive Classroom
Speaker
Daniel DadushACO, Georgia Tech
Constraint Programming is a powerful technique developed by the Computer Science community to solve combinatorial problems. I will present the model, explain constraint propagation and arc consistency, and give some basic search heuristics. I will also go through some illustrative examples to show the solution process works.

Knots, continued fractions and DNA

Series
Research Horizons Seminar
Time
Wednesday, October 1, 2008 - 12:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 255
Speaker
Roland van der VeenUniversity of Amsterdam
In this introduction to knot theory we will focus on a class of knots called rational knots. Here the word rational refers to a beautiful theorem by J. Conway that sets up a one to one correspondence between these knots and the rational numbers using continued fractions. We aim to give an elementary proof of Conway's theorem and discuss its application to the study of DNA recombination. No knowledge of topology is assumed.

Variational Principles and Partial Differential Equations for Some Model Problems in Polycrystal Plasticity

Series
PDE Seminar
Time
Tuesday, September 30, 2008 - 15:15 for 1.5 hours (actually 80 minutes)
Location
Skiles 255
Speaker
Marian BoceaNorth Dakota State University, Fargo
The yield set of a polycrystal may be characterized using variational principles associated to suitable supremal functionals. I will describe some model problems for which these can be obtained via Gamma-convergence of a class of "power-law" functionals acting on fields satisfying appropriate differential constraints, and I will indicate some PDEs which play a role in the analysis of these problems.

Horn Conjecture for finite von Neumann algebras II

Series
Analysis Seminar
Time
Monday, September 29, 2008 - 14:00 for 1 hour (actually 50 minutes)
Location
Skiles 255
Speaker
Wing Suet LiSchool of Mathematics, Georgia Tech
The Horn inequalities give a characterization of eigenvalues of self-adjoint n by n matrices A, B, C with A+B+C=0. The proof requires powerful tools from algebraic geometry. In this talk I will talk about our recent result of these inequalities that are indeed valid for self-adjoint operators of an arbitrary finite factors. Since in this setting there is no readily available machinery from algebraic geometry, we are forced to look for an analysts friendly proof. A (complete) matricial form of our result is known to imply an affirmative answer to the Connes' embedding problem. Geometers especially welcome!

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